Birmingham in Jefferson County, Alabama — The American South (East South Central)
This residential area was carved from the Joseph Riley Smith plantation, a 600 acre antebellum farm, one of the largest in 19th century Jefferson County. Smithfield lies to the west of Birmingham's city center on the flat land & hills north of Village Creek & has the city's earliest & most substantial concentration of black, middle-class residences, small commercial enclaves & churches. The neighborhood illustrates the lifestyles of a wide spectrum of black Birmingham citizens in the early 20th century, & provides an exceptional view of the emergence of a black white-collar class in the city. Residential structures include a variety of industrial housing types, as well as examples of the fashionable styles built for community leaders
Dr. A. M. Brown, Prof. A. H. Parker & Rev. R. T. Brown, & the fine work of black architect Wallace A Rayfield & black contractor T. C. Windham. First lots were sold in 1882 & land formally subdivided in 1886 with streets & avenues named for the Smith family. Physician - planter - entrepreneur Smith deeded lots to family members who built homes on the ridge to the north, later known as College Hills. The Smithfield & Joseph Riley Smith Historic Districts were entered into the National Register of Historic Places in October of 1985. Erected
Erected 1986 by Alabama Historical Commission, the Birmingham Historical Society, and the Smithfield Community.
Location. 33° 30.834′ N, 86° 50.19′ W. Marker is in Birmingham, Alabama, in Jefferson County. Marker is at the intersection of 8th Avenue West and Center Street North, on the right when traveling east on 8th Avenue West. Touch for map. Marker is located in front of the Smithfield Library. Marker is at or near this postal address: 1 8th Avenue West, Birmingham AL 35204, United States of America.
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within 2 miles of this marker, measured as the crow flies. Disabled American Veterans (approx. ¾ mile away); Birmingham - Southern College (approx. ¾ mile away); Walker Memorial Church (approx. 0.8 miles away); Wilson's Raiders (approx. 0.9 miles away); Sixteenth Street Baptist Church (approx. 1.3 miles away); Rev. Fred Shuttlesworth (approx. 1.3 miles away); Jim Crow on the Books (approx. 1.3 miles away); Don't Tread on Me (approx. 1.3 miles away). Touch for a list and map of all markers in Birmingham.
Categories. • African Americans • Antebellum South, US • Notable Places • Settlements & Settlers •
Credits. This page was last revised on June 16, 2016. This page originally submitted on January 29, 2010, by Timothy Carr of Birmingham, Alabama. This page has been viewed 1,444 times since then and 34 times this year. Photos: 1, 2. submitted on January 29, 2010, by Timothy Carr of Birmingham, Alabama. • Kevin W. was the editor who published this page.
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