Fort Ancient in Warren County, Ohio — The American Midwest (Great Lakes)
Stages of Construction / Crescent Mounds
Stages of Construction
The earth walls were built over a period of approximately three hundred years and used for a couple of hundred years beyond that. American Indians used the shoulder bones of deer and elk, split elk antler, clam shell hoes, and digging sticks to loosen the earth. They moved the earth in woven baskets that held about 40 pounds. If archaeologists' interpretations are correct, the earth walls were built in three stages. The South Fort was built first, followed by the Middle Fort. The North Fort and Parallel Walls were built last, between AD1 to AD200.
Archaeologists estimate that between one and three feet of soil have eroded from the earthworks since they were built. Today we stress preservation through education. In order to preserve the past for the future, we must care for it today. It is for this reason that visitors are not permitted to walk on the earth walls or mounds.
Early archaeologists once thought the Crescent Mounds served as the best fortified area of the site due to the shape of the walls. Today, they think this gateway served to funnel people through for ceremonial purposes, probably toward the Great Gateway, which is the entrance to the South Fort.
Erected by The Ohio Historical Society
Location. 39° 24.129′ N, 84° 5.598′ W. Marker is in Fort Ancient, Ohio, in Warren County. Touch for map. Marker is in Fort Ancient State Memorial, near the parking lot in the Middle Fort, and about 0.4 mile SSW of the museum. Marker is at or near this postal address: 6123 Ohio Route 350, Oregonia OH 45054, United States of America.
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within walking distance of this marker. Changes at Fort Ancient (approx. 0.2 miles away); The Civilian Conservation Corps (approx. 0.2 miles away); Fort Ancient Earthworks (approx. 0.2 miles away); Middle Fort Ditch Construction (approx. 0.2 miles away); The Myth of the Mound Builders (approx. ¼ mile away); Hilltop Enclosure (approx. 0.3 miles away); North Overlook (approx. 0.3 miles away); Fort Ancient Prehistoric Indian Earthworks (approx. 0.3 miles away). Touch for a list and map of all markers in Fort Ancient.
Also see . . .
1. Fort Ancient. (Submitted on February 5, 2010, by William Fischer, Jr. of Scranton, Pennsylvania.)
2. Fort Ancient Earthworks. (Submitted on February 5, 2010, by William Fischer, Jr. of Scranton, Pennsylvania.)
Categories. • Forts, Castles • Landmarks • Man-Made Features • Native Americans • Natural Features • Notable Places •
Credits. This page was last revised on June 16, 2016. This page originally submitted on February 5, 2010, by William Fischer, Jr. of Scranton, Pennsylvania. This page has been viewed 595 times since then and 33 times this year. Photos: 1, 2, 3, 4, 5. submitted on February 5, 2010, by William Fischer, Jr. of Scranton, Pennsylvania.