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“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
Near St. Augustine in Saint Johns County, Florida — The American South (South Atlantic)
 

Fort Matanzas National Monument

 
 
Fort Matanzas National Monument Marker image. Click for full size.
By Cosmos Mariner, January 14, 2010
1. Fort Matanzas National Monument Marker
Inscription. The Spanish built Fort Matanzas in 1740-42 to control Matanzas inlet, the "back door" to St. Augustine.

Much earlier, in 1565, Spain had bloodily crushed here a French challenge to her control of Florida by killing the remnants of a French colony from Fort Caroline, 40 miles to the north.

Fort Matanzas became a National Monument in 1924, preserving this unique specimen of a vanished style of military architecture and engineering.
 
Location. 29° 42.888′ N, 81° 14.091′ W. Marker is near St. Augustine, Florida, in Saint Johns County. Marker can be reached from State Road A1A. Touch for map. Fort Matanzas National Monument is located about 15 miles south of the historic district of St. Augustine, Florida on Highway A1A South. St. Augustine is located on Florida's Northeastern Atlantic coast midway between Jacksonville and Daytona Beach. Marker is in this post office area: Saint Augustine FL 32080, United States of America.
 
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within 10 miles of this marker, measured as the crow flies. Massacre of the French (approx. 0.4 miles away); Marineland-The World’s First Oceanarium (approx. 3.4 miles away); Princess Place Estate (approx. 3.9 miles away); 5480 Atlantic View
Fort Matanzas Sentry Box image. Click for full size.
By Cosmos Mariner, January 14, 2010
2. Fort Matanzas Sentry Box
(approx. 5.7 miles away); King's Road (approx. 5.7 miles away); Washington Oaks Gardens (approx. 6 miles away); Mala Compra Plantation Historic Site (approx. 7.1 miles away); Veterans Memorial (approx. 9.9 miles away).
 
Regarding Fort Matanzas National Monument. Fort Matanzas (Spanish, 1740) guards Matanzas Inlet, southern mouth of Matanzas River, rear entrance to St. Augustine's primary defense, Castillo de San Marcos.
 
Categories. Colonial EraForts, CastlesHispanic AmericansLandmarksSettlements & Settlers
 
Fort Matanzas National Monument image. Click for full size.
By Cosmos Mariner, January 14, 2010
3. Fort Matanzas National Monument
The park commemorates the killing of nearly 250 French Huguenots by the Spanish, an act that gave the river and inlet the name Matanzas, Spanish for "slaughters". One hundred seventy-five years later, the fort was constructed to help protect St. Augustine from a new threat - the British.
Fort Matanzas Architecture image. Click for full size.
By Cosmos Mariner, January 14, 2010
4. Fort Matanzas Architecture
The Fort is constructed of coquina, a common shellstone building material in the area. It is 50 feet (15 m) long on each side with a 30-foot (9.1 m) tower.
Fort Matanzas Shore View image. Click for full size.
By Cosmos Mariner, January 14, 2010
5. Fort Matanzas Shore View
The marshy terrain was stabilized by a foundation of pine pilings. The standard staff for the Fort was one officer in charge, four infantrymen, and two gunners, though more troops could be stationed if necessary.
Fort Matanzas Soldier image. Click for full size.
By Cosmos Mariner, January 14, 2010
6. Fort Matanzas Soldier
All soldiers at Fort Matanzas served on rotation from their regular duty in St. Augustine. Five cannons were placed at the Fort - four six pounders and one 18 pounder. All guns could reach the inlet, which at the time was less than a half mile away.
Fort Matanzas Sergeant's Desk image. Click for full size.
By Cosmos Mariner, January 14, 2010
7. Fort Matanzas Sergeant's Desk
Fort Matanzas Window View image. Click for full size.
By Cosmos Mariner, January 14, 2010
8. Fort Matanzas Window View
Model of Fort Matanzas image. Click for full size.
By Craig Swain, August 1, 2011
9. Model of Fort Matanzas
Fort Matanzas image. Click for full size.
By Craig Swain, August 1, 2011
10. Fort Matanzas
Cannons and Sentry Box image. Click for full size.
By Craig Swain, August 1, 2011
11. Cannons and Sentry Box
 
 
Credits. This page was last revised on June 16, 2016. This page originally submitted on February 8, 2010, by Cosmos Mariner of Cape Canaveral, Florida. This page has been viewed 1,837 times since then and 91 times this year. Photos:   1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8. submitted on February 8, 2010, by Cosmos Mariner of Cape Canaveral, Florida.   9, 10, 11. submitted on August 15, 2011, by Craig Swain of Leesburg, Virginia. • Craig Swain was the editor who published this page.
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