Shaw in Washington, District of Columbia — The American Northeast (Mid-Atlantic)
Reaching for Equality
Midcity at the Crossroads
—Shaw Heritage Trail —
For much of the 1900s, inexpensive entertainments lined much of Seventh and Ninth Streets, from D to U Streets. Vaudeville houses, pool halls, record shops and taverns made for a busy night life. And everyone went to the movies. Two small theaters once operated on this block, the Alamo at 1203 and the Mid City (1223). Seventh Street also boasted the Happyland (1220), Gem (1131), and Broadway (1515), with the Raphael nearby at 1401 Ninth.
Until 1953, Washington’s movie houses were segregated by theaters or entire theaters. By 1927, five of the city’s 13 “Colored” theaters were found near here. Some were White-owned. Others were not, such as the Mid City owned by African American vaudeville star Sherman H. Dudley.
The Washington Bee newspaper, a booster of Black-owned businesses, encouraged boycotts of White-owned theaters. In 1910 the Bee targeted the Happyland, which divided its auditorium with a low partition. Theater historian Robert Headley noted that children often hurled hard candy at each other over the wall. As late as 1937, the Gem had its partition.
In summer 1919 a race riot came to this area. That summer, racial disturbances were sweeping U.S. cities. Heroic Black veterans of World War I’s battles for freedom had come home demanding new respect and began organizing
Erected by Cultural Tourism DC. (Marker Number 12 of 17.)
Location. 38° 54.354′ N, 77° 1.309′ W. Marker is in Shaw, District of Columbia, in Washington. Marker is on 7th Street, NW north of M Street, NW, on the right when traveling north. Touch for map. Marker is in this post office area: Washington DC 20001, United States of America.
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within walking distance of this marker. Seventh Street Develops (about 400 feet away, measured in a direct line); “Sweet Daddy” Grace (about 400 feet away); Immaculate Conception Catholic School (about 600 feet away); Immaculate Conception Catholic Church (about 600 feet away); Power Brokers (about 600 feet away); Blanche K. Bruce House (about 700 feet away); Community Anchors (approx. 0.2 miles away); Words and Deeds (approx. 0.2 miles away). Touch for a list and map of all markers in Shaw.
More about this marker. Illustration captions:
Theater entrepreneur Sherman H. Dudley and his 1919 newspaper ad:
“There is a reason why you should go to S. H. Dudley’s Mid-City Theater, 1223 Seventh Street, N.W.
Only Vaudeville House on the Thoroughfare. Best of Photoplays.
And the Only Theater on Seventh Street Owned by a Race Man.” (Washingtoniana Collection, D.C. Public Library.)
The Washington Bee described the 1919 race riot: “The Colored American’s Reward for Fighting for ‘World Democracy’...” (Washingtoniana Collection, D.C. Public Library.)
A Washington Bee cartoon accuses White police of disarming Black citizens and failing to defend them from the mobs during the riots of 1919. (Washingtoniana Collection, D.C. Public Library.)
Also see . . .
1. Scurlock Studio and Black Washington. (Submitted on September 8, 2009, by Richard E. Miller of Oxon Hill, Maryland.)
2. Red Summer of 1919. (Submitted on September 8, 2009, by Richard E. Miller of Oxon Hill, Maryland.)
Additional keywords. Civil unrest; Red Scare; Red Summer; Jim Crow.
Categories. • 20th Century • African Americans • Civil Rights • Entertainment • Roads & Vehicles • War, World I •
Credits. This page was last revised on June 16, 2016. This page originally submitted on September 7, 2009, by Richard E. Miller of Oxon Hill, Maryland. This page has been viewed 1,006 times since then and 29 times this year. Last updated on February 20, 2010, by Richard E. Miller of Oxon Hill, Maryland. Photos: 1, 2, 3. submitted on September 7, 2009, by Richard E. Miller of Oxon Hill, Maryland. • Craig Swain was the editor who published this page.