Brentsville in Prince William County, Virginia — The American South (Mid-Atlantic)
”The houses generally are in ruin …”
Like many Virginia towns, Brentsville suffered heavily at the hands of both armies. Confederate Gen. Eppa Hunton, a Brentsville resident and lawyer, had his house and other buildings destroyed. The Hampton Legion, among other units, was posted here on scouting missions, and several homes and churches served as hospitals. The county clerk’s office was torn down and its bricks used for camp chimneys. Part of the ca. 1822 courthouse roof was torn off, and many county records were either destroyed or taken by soldiers as souvenirs. Capt. Andrew McHenry of the 13th Pennsylvania Infantry wrote of Brentsville in 1864, “The houses generally are in ruin.”
The Battle of Bristoe Station, fought three miles west on October 14, 1863, brought combat to Brentsville’s doorstep. During the battle, Federal Gen. John Buford’s cavalry was posted here to protect
(caption of picture in upper right) Nineteenth-century map map (sic) of Brentsville and vicinity, with nearby Bristoe Station and Manassas Junction, the focus of several campaigns and battles- Courtesy Library of Congress
(caption of center picture) Prince William Cavalry (Co. A, 4th VA. Cav.) flag – Courtesy Manassas Museum
(captions in photos in lower left)
Gen. Eppa Hunton – Courtesy Library of Congress
Gen. John Buford – Courtesy Library of Congress
(sidebar) Brentsville was founded in 1820 to be the Prince William County seat. The town never fully recovered from the war, and the economic center of the county shifted to Manassas because of the railroad junction there. In 1893, the county seat moved to Manassas. The ca. 1822 Brentsville courthouse and jail still stand.
Erected by Civil War Trails.
Marker series. This marker is included in the Virginia Civil War Trails marker series.
Location. 38° 41.386′ N, 77° 29.985′ W. Marker is in Brentsville, Virginia, in Prince William County. Touch for map.
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within walking distance of this marker. Brentsville - County Jail (a few steps from this marker); Brentsville - County Courthouse (a few steps from this marker); Brentsville - The Public Lot (within shouting distance of this marker); Brentsville - One-Room School (within shouting distance of this marker); Brentsville – Clerks’ Office (within shouting distance of this marker); a different marker also named Brentsville (within shouting distance of this marker); Brentsville - The Gallows (within shouting distance of this marker); John W. Hall Home (within shouting distance of this marker). Touch for a list and map of all markers in Brentsville.
More about this marker. This marker is adjacent to the parking lot behind the courthouse and jail buildings.
Categories. • Notable Buildings • War, US Civil •
Credits. This page was last revised on June 16, 2016. This page originally submitted on October 2, 2007, by Kevin W. of Stafford, Virginia. This page has been viewed 1,352 times since then and 39 times this year. Photos: 1, 2, 3, 4. submitted on October 2, 2007, by Kevin W. of Stafford, Virginia.