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“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
Columbia in Richland County, South Carolina — The American South (South Atlantic)
 

“Chesnut Cottage”

 
 
"Chesnut Cottage" Marker image. Click for full size.
By Mike Stroud, 2010
1. "Chesnut Cottage" Marker
Inscription. Temporary wartime home of Gen. and Mrs. James Chesnut. Here they entertained Jefferson Davis, president, C. S. A., and his staff, October 5, 1864. President Davis addressed the citizens of Columbia from the front steps of this cottage.
 
Erected 1938 by The Columbia Sesquicentennial Commission of 1936. (Marker Number 40-4.)
 
Location. 34° 0.48′ N, 81° 1.578′ W. Marker is in Columbia, South Carolina, in Richland County. Marker is on Hampton Street, on the right when traveling east. Touch for map. Located between Henderson Street and Barnwell Street. Marker is in this post office area: Columbia SC 29201, United States of America.
 
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within walking distance of this marker. Wilson Boyhood House (within shouting distance of this marker); Wilson House (within shouting distance of this marker); Original Site of Columbia College (about 700 feet away, measured in a direct line); Columbia Bible College (about 700 feet away); Original Site of Winthrop College (approx. 0.2 miles away); Fair-Rutherford House / Rutherford House (approx. 0.2 miles away);
"Chesnut Cottage" Marker, looking east along Hampton Street image. Click for full size.
By Mike Stroud, February 21, 2010
2. "Chesnut Cottage" Marker, looking east along Hampton Street
Former Site of Columbia Theological Seminary (approx. 0.2 miles away); Columbia Bible College, 1937-1960 / Westervelt Home, 1930 - 1937 (approx. ľ mile away). Touch for a list and map of all markers in Columbia.
 
Regarding "Chesnut Cottage". The Chesnut Cottage is significant architecturally as an example of a “Columbia Cottage,” an adaptation of the standard Classical or Greek Revival-based cottage to local conditions and requirements. Historically, the Chesnut Cottage is significant as the home of General James and Mary Boykin Chesnut during the Civil War period. General Chesnut served on Jefferson Davisís staff. Mary Chesnut provided future generation with eyewitness accounts of happenings during the 1860s with her Diary from Dixie, edited by Ben Ames Williams and published in 1905. In the fall of 1864, Davis was entertained at the Chesnut Cottage and from its front steps made a speech to a large crowd of the citizens of Columbia. Built ca. 1855-1860, the cottage has retained its original appearance. The one-and-one-half-story frame house, with a central dormer with an arched window has an unusual balustrade combining ironwork and wood. The portico, supported by octagonal columns, shelters
"Chesnut Cottage" Marker image. Click for full size.
By Mike Stroud, February 21, 2010
3. "Chesnut Cottage" Marker
a front doorway with sidelights and transom. Listed in the National Register May 6, 1971. (South Carolina Department of Archives and History)

National Register of Historic Places:
Chesnut Cottage ** (added 1971 - - #71000797)
♦ Historic Significance: Architecture/Engineering, Person
♦Architect, builder, or engineer: Unknown
♦Architectural Style: Other, Classical Revival
♦Historic Person: Chestnut, Gen. James
♦Significant Year: 1855
♦Area of Significance: Politics/Government, Architecture
♦Period of Significance: 1850-1874
♦Owner: Private
♦Historic Function: Domestic
♦Historic Sub-function: Single Dwelling
 
Also see . . .  The Confederate War Dept. James Chesnut,Jr. (Submitted on February 25, 2010, by Mike Stroud of Bluffton, South Carolina.) 
 
Categories. War, US Civil
 
"Chesnut Cottage"and Marker image. Click for full size.
By Mike Stroud, February 21, 2010
4. "Chesnut Cottage"and Marker
National Register of Historic Places: Chesnut Cottage ** (added 1971 - Building - #71000797)
"Chesnut Cottage" Marker image. Click for full size.
South Carolina Department of Archives and History
5. "Chesnut Cottage" Marker
"Chesnut Cottage" rear view image. Click for full size.
South Carolina Department of Archives and History
6. "Chesnut Cottage" rear view
 
 
Credits. This page was last revised on June 16, 2016. This page originally submitted on February 25, 2010, by Mike Stroud of Bluffton, South Carolina. This page has been viewed 982 times since then and 32 times this year. Photos:   1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6. submitted on February 26, 2010, by Mike Stroud of Bluffton, South Carolina. • Craig Swain was the editor who published this page.
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