Shaw in Washington, District of Columbia — The American Northeast (Mid-Atlantic)
Midcity at the Crossroads
—Shaw Heritage Trail —
Washington’s first black Muslim temple opened in 1940 when the Nation of Islam established Temple No. 4 at 1525-1527 Ninth Street. The Nation of Islam’s second national leader, Elijah Muhammad (1897-1975), presided over the event. Founded in Chicago in 1931 by Wallace Fard, the Nation of Islam stands for discipline, racial pride, and respect for women, Allah and the Qu’ran, justice, pacifism, and the separation of African Americans from White society.
In 1960 the temple, renamed Masjid Muhammad Mosque, moved nearby to 1519 Fourth Street where Malcolm X briefly served as its leader.
The story of Shiloh Baptist Church, across the street began during the Civil War. The Union Army, about to attack Fredericksburg, Virginia, offered safe passage to Washington for enslaved or free Blacks wanting to flee. Some 400 members of Fredericksburg’s accepted, and in 1863 founded Washington’s Shiloh Baptist Church on L Street, NW, west of 16th. In 1924 Shiloh moved here to what had been Hamline Methodist Church. When some White neighbors objected, the owner of Hamline Church’s organ paid a janitor to set the organ of fire, damaging the building. Unbowed, Shiloh members repaired the church and flourished. The church was rebuilt after another major fire in 1991. Like other churches in Shaw, Shiloh, with its Family Life Center,
Rev. Earl Harrison (behind the smoke) oversaw the burning of Shiloh’s mortgage in 1943 as the choir sang. (Collection of Shiloh Baptist Church)
Malcolm X of the Nation of Islam, 1964. (Library of Congress)
Elijah Muhammad, second leader of the Nation of Islam. (Library of Congress)
Marian Anderson performed at Shiloh in 1934. (Washingtoniana Division, D.C. Public Library)
[Recital Program] “Marian Anderson, Contralto”. (Collection of Shiloh Baptist Church)
Shiloh Baptist Church members Dr. Theodore George (fourth from left), Rev. Walter Fauntroy, and Julius Hobson led a civil rights march from the church to the White House, May 1963. ( The Washington Post)
Rev. Dr. Martin Luther, Jr. spoke at Shiloh’s Men’s Day in 1960. (Collection of Shiloh Baptist Church)
Erected by Cultural Tourism DC. (Marker Number 5 of 17.)
Location. 38° 54.591′ N, 77° 1.432′ W. Marker is in Shaw, District of Touch for map. This is marker five of a set of seventeen included with this Cultural DC Heritage Trail. Marker is at or near this postal address: 1500 9th Street, NW, Washington DC 20001, United States of America.
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within walking distance of this marker. Carter G. Woodson House (about 400 feet away, measured in a direct line); Working for the Race (about 400 feet away); The Fires of 1968 (about 600 feet away); Phyllis Wheatley YWCA (about 700 feet away); Community Anchors (about 800 feet away); When Gordon Met Ella (approx. 0.2 miles away); Immaculate Conception Catholic Church (approx. 0.2 miles away); Immaculate Conception Catholic School (approx. 0.2 miles away). Touch for a list and map of all markers in Shaw.
Also see . . .
1. Malcolm X. (Submitted on March 6, 2010, by Richard E. Miller of Oxon Hill, Maryland.)
2. Marian Anderson. (Submitted on March 6, 2010, by Richard E. Miller of Oxon Hill, Maryland.)
Categories. • African Americans • Arts, Letters, Music • Civil Rights • War, US Civil •
Credits. This page was last revised on August 15, 2017. This page originally submitted on March 6, 2010, by Richard E. Miller of Oxon Hill, Maryland. This page has been viewed 1,108 times since then. Last updated on March 14, 2010, by Richard E. Miller of Oxon Hill, Maryland. Photos: 1, 2, 3. submitted on March 6, 2010, by Richard E. Miller of Oxon Hill, Maryland. • Bill Pfingsten was the editor who published this page.