Columbia in Richland County, South Carolina — The American South (South Atlantic)
Wesley Methodist Church
Wesley Methodist Church is the oldest African American Methodist congregation in Columbia. It was founded in 1869 by Rev. J.C. Emerson and was a separate black congregation instead of forming from an established white church. First called the Columbia Mission, it met upstairs in a Main St. building and later built its own chapel. About 1910 the Columbia Mission bought this lot and was renamed Wesley Methodist Episcopal Church.
This Gothic Revival church, built in 1910-11, was designed by noted Columbia architect Arthur W. Hamby, who designed other churches in Columbia as well as in Winnsboro, Bishopville, and St. Matthews. Its high-style Late Gothic design is relatively unusual for an African-American church of its period, and is notable for its two asymmetrical towers, decorative brickwork, and pointed-arch stained glass windows.
Erected 2008 by The Historic Columbia Foundation, the City of Columbia, and the S.C. Department of Transportation. (Marker Number 40-146.)
Location. 34° 0.264′ N, 81° 1.452′ W. Marker is in Columbia, South Carolina, in Richland County. Marker is at the intersection of Gervais Street (US 1, US 76, US 378) and Barnwell Street Touch for map. Marker is in this post office area: Columbia SC 29201, United States of America.
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within walking distance of this marker. Barnwell Street (within shouting distance of this marker); Gregg Street (about 500 feet away, measured in a direct line); Henderson Street (about 600 feet away); Last Home of Wade Hampton (about 700 feet away); Sherman's Headquarters (about 700 feet away); Pickens Street (approx. 0.2 miles away); Fair-Rutherford House / Rutherford House (approx. 0.2 miles away); Horry-Guignard House (approx. ¼ mile away). Touch for a list and map of all markers in Columbia.
Regarding Wesley Methodist Church. Wesley Methodist Church, built in 1910-11, illustrates the impact of segregation in the lives of African Americans during the Jim Crow era in Columbia. Because it is a historically African-American church, Wesley Methodist Church helps explain religious segregation, particularly within the Methodist denomination. The church is also significant as a good example of Late Gothic Revival church architecture in Columbia in the early twentieth century, and as an excellent example of the work of Columbia architect Arthur W. Hamby. Wesley Methodist Church was founded in 1869 as the Columbia Mission. Their first chapel was built between
Also see . . . National Register of Historic Places Registration Form. (Submitted on March 29, 2010, by Mike Stroud of Bluffton, South Carolina.)
Categories. • African Americans • Churches & Religion •
Credits. This page was last revised on June 16, 2016. This page originally submitted on March 29, 2010, by Mike Stroud of Bluffton, South Carolina. This page has been viewed 672 times since then. Photos: 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6. submitted on March 29, 2010, by Mike Stroud of Bluffton, South Carolina. • Bill Pfingsten was the editor who published this page.