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“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
Dayton in Montgomery County, Ohio — The American Midwest (Great Lakes)
 

Sir George Cayley

1853

 

(Inventing Flight: The Centennial Celebration Series #5)

 
Sir George Cayley Marker image. Click for full size.
By William Fischer, Jr., August 2, 2009
1. Sir George Cayley Marker
Inscription.
I feel perfectly confident that we shall be able to transport ourselves and families, and their goods and chattels, more securely by air than by water...."
-Sir George Cayley


After the Montgolfier brothers, mankind was ready to move beyond floating to flying. Sir George Cayley, in the first real study of aeronautics, identified lift, drag, and thrust as the three forces affecting flight. His analysis of lift and drag allowed him to develop the basic shape of the modern airplane: a fuselage, fixed wings, and a tail. The difficulty he encountered was in thrust - steam engines were far too heavy to be carried aloft.

Knowing this, Cayley turned his efforts to gliders. In 1804, he launched a small glider, the first man-made aircraft to fly. In 1853, he built a full-sized glider and ordered his coachman aboard. A galloping horse towed the glider and frightened coachman down a hill, and they soon lifted into the air, floating for 200 yards. Upon landing, the coachman resigned.

For his studies and writings, Sir George Cayley is known as the Father of Aeronautics. For his conclusions, many went forward with theories and experiments of their own. The way being paved for the Wright brothers of Dayton.
 
Erected 2003 by Inventing Flight and Dayton Power & Light
Centennial Park Markers image. Click for full size.
By William Fischer, Jr.
2. Centennial Park Markers
Four markers, from left (beyond hanging basket & bench, nearest to farthest) are Chinese Kites, Leonardo da Vinci, Montgolfier Brothers, & Sir George Cayley. Looking SW, with downtown Dayton in background and Wright Brothers statues at far right distance.
Company Foundation.
 
Location. 39° 46.083′ N, 84° 11.186′ W. Marker is in Dayton, Ohio, in Montgomery County. Touch for map. Marker is in Centennial Park, within Deeds Point MetroPark, off Webster Street, about 425 feet NE of the confluence of the Mad and Great Miami Rivers. Marker is at or near this postal address: 510 Webster Street, Dayton OH 45402, United States of America.
 
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within walking distance of this marker. Montgolfier Brothers (here, next to this marker); Leonardo da Vinci (a few steps from this marker); The Solution: Wing Warping (a few steps from this marker); Chinese Kites (a few steps from this marker); Huffman Prairie (within shouting distance of this marker); McCook Field (within shouting distance of this marker); Wright-Patterson AFB (within shouting distance of this marker); John Glenn (within shouting distance of this marker). Touch for a list and map of all markers in Dayton.
 
Also see . . .
1. Sir George Cayley. (Submitted on April 7, 2010, by William Fischer, Jr. of Scranton, Pennsylvania.)
2. Sir George Cayley. (Submitted on April 7, 2010, by William Fischer, Jr. of Scranton, Pennsylvania.)
 
Categories. Air & SpaceExplorationMan-Made FeaturesNotable EventsNotable PersonsScience & Medicine
 
 
Credits. This page was last revised on June 16, 2016. This page originally submitted on April 4, 2010, by William Fischer, Jr. of Scranton, Pennsylvania. This page has been viewed 720 times since then and 24 times this year. Photos:   1. submitted on April 4, 2010, by William Fischer, Jr. of Scranton, Pennsylvania.   2. submitted on March 26, 2010, by William Fischer, Jr. of Scranton, Pennsylvania.
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