“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
Near Ratcliff in Houston County, Texas — The American South (West South Central)

Four C Mill

Four C Mill Marker image. Click for full size.
By Steve Gustafson, March 28, 2010
1. Four C Mill Marker
Inscription. R.M. Keith, agent for Central Coal & Coke Company in Kansas City, Missouri, began purchasing the virgin pine timberlands of this region in October 1899. Lumber for construction of a new mill was cut by a small sawmill purchased from local landowner J.H. Ratcliff in January 1901. Although known as Four C mill, it was operated by the Louisiana & Texas Lumber Company, organized by Keith in July 1901. The mill began sawing lumber in June 1902, producing 300,000 board feet per day. Nearby Ratcliff Lake was the millpond. The Texas Southeastern Railroad laid tracks from Lufkin; tram roads and tap lines were built into the forest to haul fresh-cut timber to the mill.
The company built houses and a company store at the mill, and several logging camps in the forest to house and feed lumberjacks. Hostility erupted when the town of Ratcliff was begun nearby, competing for the workers' trade. The company erected a 16-foot fence between the mill and Ratcliff. It was dynamited several times, thwarting attempts to establish a company-controlled town.
By 1917, the company had exhausted its 120,000 acres of land. Due to the shortage of good timber, the mill was shut down and dismantled in 1920.
Erected 1973 by Texas Historical Commission. (Marker Number 7040.)
Four C Mill Marker image. Click for full size.
By Steve Gustafson, March 28, 2010
2. Four C Mill Marker
31° 23.244′ N, 95° 8.838′ W. Marker is near Ratcliff, Texas, in Houston County. Marker is on State Highway 7 half a mile west of Farm to Market Road 227, on the left when traveling west. Touch for map. Marker is in this post office area: Ratcliff TX 75858, United States of America.
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within 11 miles of this marker, measured as the crow flies. Ratcliff (approx. half a mile away); Ratcliff CCC Camp (approx. 0.7 miles away); Community of Coltharp (approx. 1 miles away); Hagerville Community (approx. 1 miles away); Former Rosenwald School (approx. 2.6 miles away); Kennard (approx. 2.8 miles away); First Baptist Church of Kennard (approx. 2.8 miles away); Pine Springs Campground (approx. 10.3 miles away). Touch for a list and map of all markers in Ratcliff.
Categories. Horticulture & ForestryIndustry & CommerceNatural Resources
Credits. This page was last revised on June 16, 2016. This page originally submitted on April 5, 2010, by Steve Gustafson of Lufkin, Texas. This page has been viewed 855 times since then and 38 times this year. Photos:   1, 2. submitted on April 5, 2010, by Steve Gustafson of Lufkin, Texas. • Bill Pfingsten was the editor who published this page.
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