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Front Royal in Warren County, Virginia — The American South (Mid-Atlantic)
 

Rose Hill

Combat in the Front Yard

 

—Battle of Front Royal May 23, 1862 —

 
Rose Hill Marker image. Click for full size.
By Craig Swain, June 29, 2007
1. Rose Hill Marker
Inscription. Gen. Thomas J. "Stonewall" Jackson's Maryland and Louisiana troops had steadily pushed Col. John R. Kenly's 1st Maryland Infantry (US) north, despite occasionally fierce street fighting, until they reached this point. The Confederates halted abruptly when Union artillery and infantry on Richardson's Hill opened fire.

Col. Bradley T. Johnson quickly reorganized his battle line, posting the 1st Maryland Infantry (CSA) on the right and Maj. Chatham Roberdeau Wheat's battalion on the left. As the Confederates entered this meadow, they saw a stone wall running from east to west near the foot of Richardson's Hill. They flattened themselves behind it while Union shells raked the open ground in front.

The cannon balls arced over Rose Hill, the home of the widow Richardson and her three daughters directly ahead of you. According to young Sue Richardson's diary, the cannon fire so frightened her mother that she became ill: "We carried her to the cellar. Our yard was full of our soldiers. Major Wheat gave orders from the yard.... We all worked hard that night feeding hundreds of soldiers."

The Southern artillery, positioned on the Randolph Macon Academy ridge west of Front Royal, was too far away to neutralize the Union guns. For the moment, the Confederate advance had stopped.
 
Erected by
Detail of the Tactical Map image. Click for full size.
By Craig Swain, June 29, 2007
2. Detail of the Tactical Map
Civil War Trails.
 
Marker series. This marker is included in the Virginia Civil War Trails marker series.
 
Location. 38° 55.822′ N, 78° 11.554′ W. Marker is in Front Royal, Virginia, in Warren County. Marker is at the intersection of North Commonwealth Avenue (U.S. 522) and Warren Avenue, on the right when traveling west on North Commonwealth Avenue. Touch for map. Located at the west side entrance to Lions Park. Marker is in this post office area: Front Royal VA 22630, United States of America.
 
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within walking distance of this marker. Richardson’s Hill (approx. 0.4 miles away); Execution of Mosby’s Rangers (approx. 0.4 miles away); Battle of Front Royal (approx. half a mile away); Brother Against Brother (approx. half a mile away); Bel Air (approx. ¾ mile away); The Bridges (approx. 0.8 miles away); Warren County Korea & Vietnam Memorial (approx. 0.9 miles away); The Courthouse (approx. 0.9 miles away). Touch for a list and map of all markers in Front Royal.
 
More about this marker. On the left the marker has pictures of "Rose Hill today and during the war." On the right side is a map showing the Battle of Front Royal with tour stops linked to the time line of the battle. A tactical map illustrates the maneuvers described
Marker at the Park Entrance image. Click for full size.
By Craig Swain, June 29, 2007
3. Marker at the Park Entrance
Rose Hill is just out of view behind the trees in the distance.
in the text. A portrait of Roberdeau Wheat is between the maps.
 
Regarding Rose Hill. This marker is one of several from a driving tour of the Front Royal Battlefield. The markers are listed in sequence on the Battle of Front Royal Virtual Tour by Markers link below.
 
Also see . . .
1. Battle of Front Royal - Rose Hill. Rose Hill is stop 6 in the Battle of Front Royal Driving Tour. (Submitted on October 14, 2007, by Craig Swain of Leesburg, Virginia.) 

2. Copy of the Marker. (Submitted on October 14, 2007, by Craig Swain of Leesburg, Virginia.)
3. Battle of Front Royal. The National Parks Service summary of the battle covers the action described on the marker in phase two of the battle. (Submitted on October 14, 2007, by Craig Swain of Leesburg, Virginia.) 

4. Rose Hill. National Register of Historic Places documentation for Rose Hill. (Submitted on October 14, 2007, by Craig Swain of Leesburg, Virginia.) 

5. Battle of Front Royal Virtual Tour by Markers. (Submitted on November 18, 2007, by Craig Swain of Leesburg, Virginia.)
 
Additional comments.
1. Architectural note
The design of the front and back of the house appears to be the same. The architectural description on the National Register is "Greek Revival, Federal" and the architect is unknown. Note To Editor only visible by Contributor and editor
Rose Hill image. Click for full size.
4. Rose Hill
From National Register of Historic Places documentation.
   
    — Submitted March 9, 2008, by Linda Walcroft of Strasburg, Virginia.

 
Categories. War, US Civil
 
Rose Hill in 2008 image. Click for full size.
By Linda Walcroft, March 9, 2008
5. Rose Hill in 2008
As seen from Royal Avenue (routes 340/522). There is no parking on this busy road but you can park on a side street and walk around the block to see both sides of Rose Hill.
Rose Hill, Side View image. Click for full size.
By Linda Walcroft, March 9, 2008
6. Rose Hill, Side View
Seen from Virginia Avenue. Privately owned.
 
 
Credits. This page was last revised on June 16, 2016. This page originally submitted on October 14, 2007, by Craig Swain of Leesburg, Virginia. This page has been viewed 2,081 times since then and 97 times this year. Photos:   1, 2, 3, 4. submitted on October 14, 2007, by Craig Swain of Leesburg, Virginia.   5, 6. submitted on March 9, 2008, by Linda Walcroft of Strasburg, Virginia.
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