Columbus in Franklin County, Ohio — The American Midwest (Great Lakes)
Central Ohio was home to Native Americans as early as 10,000 years ago. While we don't know what they called themselves, archaeologists call a group of the earliest peoples, “Mound Builders”. Their society left nearly 200 burial and ceremonial mounds around Franklin County, and thousands more throughout the Ohio and Mississippi River Valleys.
Several mounds originally rose above the confluence of the Scioto and Olentangy rivers, just west of North Bank Park. Most of the Franklin County sites were destroyed. A remaining mound can be found on McKinley Avenue in northwest Columbus.
The commonly known English names of the last Native American nations that lived in the area are Delaware, Mingo, Shawnee, and Wyandot. There were several villages scattered throughout Franklin County. One of the largest was a Mingo village located on the banks of the Scioto River, near this spot, in the 1770s.
Culture clashes occurred between white settlers and the local native population in the late 1700s and early 1800s. Very near this park, a fierce battle ensued between Colonel William Crawford's militia and the Mingo tribes. His attack, timed when the men were out hunting, killed women, children, and the elderly of the tribes.
One mother and child escaped to an island in the middle of the river. She was
Tarhe the Crane, a Wyandot chief, signed a treaty with William Henry Harrison here in Columbus. This treaty resulted in a coalition of Native Americans and US troops that helped to defeat the British in the Ohio Country, and ultimately to winning the War of 1812.
With their homelands lost by treaty, most local Native Americans were forced to move to northeastern [sic - northwestern] Ohio, and eventually to Kansas, though some remained here and became part of the new society.
Erected by City of Columbus.
Location. 39° 57.935′ N, 83° 0.64′ W. Marker is in Columbus, Ohio, in Franklin County. Marker is on Long Street (U.S. 33), on the left when traveling east. Touch for map. Marker is in North Bank Park, about 400 feet west of the intersection of Long Street and Neil Avenue. Marker is in this post office area: Columbus OH 43215, United States of America.
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within walking distance of this marker. Transportation, Growth, and Development (within shouting The Railroads (within shouting distance of this marker); William and Hannah Neil (about 300 feet away, measured in a direct line); The Urban Face of the Scioto River (about 500 feet away); Working Class Neighborhoods (about 500 feet away); The Irish in Columbus (approx. 0.2 miles away); Columbus' First Professional Game (approx. 0.2 miles away); The Columbus Buckeyes (approx. 0.2 miles away). Touch for a list and map of all markers in Columbus.
Also see . . .
1. William Crawford. (Submitted on April 23, 2010, by William Fischer, Jr. of Scranton, Pennsylvania.)
2. The Newark Earthworks. (Submitted on April 23, 2010, by William Fischer, Jr. of Scranton, Pennsylvania.)
3. Ohio Indians. (Submitted on April 23, 2010, by William Fischer, Jr. of Scranton, Pennsylvania.)
4. 1814 Treaty. (Submitted on April 23, 2010, by William Fischer, Jr. of Scranton, Pennsylvania.)
Categories. • Native Americans • Notable Events • Notable Persons • Peace • Settlements & Settlers • War of 1812 •
Credits. This page was last revised on June 16, 2016. This page originally submitted on April 23, 2010, by William Fischer, Jr. of Scranton, Pennsylvania. This page has been viewed 1,184 times since then and 39 times this year. Photos: 1, 2, 3, 4, 5. submitted on April 23, 2010, by William Fischer, Jr. of Scranton, Pennsylvania. 6. submitted on April 20, 2010, by William Fischer, Jr. of Scranton, Pennsylvania.