San Antonio in Bexar County, Texas — The American South (West South Central)
Main Plaza Fortiﬁcations
During the Main Plaza renovation in 2007, archaeologists discovered remnants of a military fortification underneath this street. This entrenchment would have been part of San Antonio's defense against attacks during the turbulent revolutionary period of the early nineteenth century.
Between 1835 and 1842, the City of San Antonio was the site of five major battles between Texian, Tejano, and Mexican forces, including the Siege and Storming of Bexar (1835) and the Battle of the Alamo (1836). These conflicts forever altered San Antonio's people and physical surroundings. The Main Plaza was often at the center of these struggles, serving as a fortified campground for soldiers, a battlefield, and as the target for would be captors on both sides.
Archaeology at this location revealed that the engineers of this fortification built a slope rising from where the San Antonio River is now located at the end of Dolorosa Street up to where you now stand. In this location, they dug a trench in which they would have placed wooden posts to form a palisade.
Behind this wall, they appear to have continued the slope upward where they would have constructed additional fortification, such as a gun battery. Historical accounts verify these fortifications existed at the corners of the [sic] both the Main and Military plazas, and
Location. 29° 25.431′ N, 98° 29.593′ W. Marker is in San Antonio, Texas, in Bexar County. Marker is at the intersection of Dwyer Avenue and Kallison Walk, on the right when traveling north on Dwyer Avenue. Touch for map. Marker is at or near this postal address: 136 E. Main Plaza, San Antonio TX 78205, United States of America.
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within walking distance of this marker. The Storming of Bexar (here, next to this marker); San Antonio Mutual Aid Association (a few steps from this marker); San Antonio: The Flavor of Its Past (within shouting distance of this marker); The Bexar County Courthouse (within shouting distance of this marker); Justice's Court (within shouting distance of this marker); 200th Anniversary of San Antonio Municipal Government (within shouting distance of this marker); The Canary Islanders (within shouting distance of this marker); American Legion Memorial Highway (within shouting distance of this marker). Touch for a list and map of all markers in San Antonio.
Also see . . . The Siege and Storming of Bexar. (Submitted on April 29, 2010, by William Fischer, Jr. of Scranton, Pennsylvania.)
Categories. • Forts, Castles • Man-Made Features • Military • Notable Events • Patriots & Patriotism • Settlements & Settlers • War, Texas Independence •
Credits. This page was last revised on June 16, 2016. This page originally submitted on April 29, 2010, by William Fischer, Jr. of Scranton, Pennsylvania. This page has been viewed 1,310 times since then and 40 times this year. Photos: 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7. submitted on April 29, 2010, by William Fischer, Jr. of Scranton, Pennsylvania.