San Antonio in Bexar County, Texas — The American South (West South Central)
The Woll Invasion
Mexico’s last invasion of the Republic of Texas alarmed San Antonio on Sept. 11, 1842, when Gen. Adrian Woll and 1300 troops struck the city from the west.
Awakened by booming cannon, 56 Texians (including judge, jurors, and citizens in town to attend court) bravely attempted to defend the city. They fortified the stone home of Samuel A. Maverick at northeast corner of Main Plaza, and poured out gunfire as Woll entered with flags flying and band playing. Forced to surrender to overwhelming numbers, 52 Texians – including Maverick, Judge Anderson Hutchinson, and Clerk James L. Trueheart – were marched 1100 miles to Perote Prison in Mexico. Although Mayor John W. Smith and County Clerk Thomas Addicks escaped, San Antonio had no city or county government and very little economic activity in the ensuing 23 months.
On his way to capture the Capitol of the Republic in Austin, Woll was defeated at the Salado by Mathew Caldwell’s volunteers on Sept. 17, 1842.
On March 24, 1844, the last surviving prisoners of Woll’s invasion were freed from Perote Castle. They made their way on foot to Vera Cruz, and were taken by a United States man-of-war to New Orleans. From there they finally traveled safely home.
Erected 1972 by State Historical Survey Committee. (Marker
Location. 29° 25.497′ N, 98° 29.634′ W. Marker is in San Antonio, Texas, in Bexar County. Marker is at the intersection of Commerce Street and Main Avenue, on the left when traveling west on Commerce Street. Touch for map. Marker is on the wall near the NE corner of the Municipal Plaza Building. Marker is at or near this postal address: 114 W. Commerce Street, San Antonio TX 78205, United States of America.
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within walking distance of this marker. General David E. Twiggs (here, next to this marker); T.C. Frost and the Frost Bank (a few steps from this marker); Civil War Centennial 1861 - 1961 (a few steps from this marker); San Fernando Cathedral 200th Anniversary (within shouting distance of this marker); Remains of the Alamo Heroes (within shouting distance of this marker); Reaffirming the Miracle of Our Lady of Guadalupe (within shouting distance of this marker); San Antonio de Padua (within shouting distance of this marker); Zero Milestone Old Spanish Trail (about 300 feet away, measured in a direct line). Touch for a list and map of all markers in San Antonio.
Also see . . . Mexican Invasions of 1842. (Submitted on May 2, 2010, by William Fischer, Jr. of Scranton, Pennsylvania.)
Categories. • Patriots & Patriotism • Settlements & Settlers • War, Texas Independence •
Credits. This page was last revised on June 16, 2016. This page originally submitted on May 2, 2010, by William Fischer, Jr. of Scranton, Pennsylvania. This page has been viewed 1,238 times since then and 73 times this year. Photos: 1, 2, 3. submitted on May 2, 2010, by William Fischer, Jr. of Scranton, Pennsylvania.