“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
Bloomery in Hampshire County, West Virginia — The American South (Appalachia)

Fight at Bloomery Gap

A Futile Affair

Fight at Bloomery Gap Marker image. Click for full size.
May 2, 2010
1. Fight at Bloomery Gap Marker
Inscription. Early in 1862, Confederate raids and attacks put Hampshire County and much of the surrounding area under nominal Southern control. The Baltimore and Ohio Railroad and nearby telegraph wires were severed, impeding Federal troop movements. A militia brigade under Col. Jacob Sencendiver, 67th Virginia Militia, occupied Bloomery Gap to threaten the railroad and Union-occupied territory near the Potomac River. To drive them out, Gen. Frederick W. Lander led a mixed force of infantry and cavalry south from Paw Paw, Morgan County, on the afternoon of February 13. He intended to strike Sencendiverís position at dawn the next morning, but bad weather and high water delayed him long enough for the Confederate pickets to give warning.

Sencendiver hastily ordered the wagons packed and sent east, while posting the 31st Virginia Infantry to block Landerís advance. Lander led the charge of part of the 1st West Virginia Cavalry, overrunning and scattering the Virginians and capturing many officers and men as well as the wagon train. Sencendiver rallied the 67th and 78th Regiments, however, and recaptured the wagons. The Federals returned to Paw Paw while the Confederates marched to Pughtown, leaving the railroad and telegraph lines open for the day. Sencendiver soon reoccupied the gap.

Except for the loss of 67 officers and men as prisoners,
Fight at Bloomery Gap Marker image. Click for full size.
May 2, 2010
2. Fight at Bloomery Gap Marker
At the Bloomery Presbyterian Church
Sencendiver reported only two men wounded. Lander, who requested that he be relieved because of ill health, reported casualties of two men and six horses. He also court-martialed Col. Henry Anisansel of the 1st Virginia Cavalry (US), whom he had ordered to capture the Confederate wagon train, for failing to do so. On March 2, before the court martial was concluded, Lander died of the lingering effects of wounds received earlier in the war. Anisansel resigned.

(Sidebar): Gen. Frederick W. Lander (1821-1862), a native of Salem, Massachusetts, was a civil engineer who surveyed the Lander Road from the Wyoming Territory to the Oregon Territory. The road was completed in 1859. When the war began, he served first as an aide to Gen. George B. McClellan, then obtained a generalís commission and proved himself a capable leader. He was also an accomplished poet. Lander was severely wounded on October 27, 1861, at the Battle of Ballís Bluff in Virginia but continued to serve until he died.
Erected 2010 by West Virginia Civil War Trails.
Marker series. This marker is included in the West Virginia Civil War Trails marker series.
Location. 39° 23.24′ N, 78° 22.448′ W. Marker is in Bloomery, West Virginia, in Hampshire County. Marker
Gen. Frederick W. Lander image. Click for full size.
3. Gen. Frederick W. Lander
Library of Congress, Prints & Photographs Division, [Reproduction Number: LC-DIG-cwpb-04772 DLC (digital file from original neg.)],
is on Bloomery Pike (West Virginia Route 127), on the right when traveling west. Touch for map. The marker is located at on the grounds of the Bloomery Presbyterian Church. Marker is in this post office area: Bloomery WV 26817, United States of America.
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within 8 miles of this marker, measured as the crow flies. Bloomery Iron Furnace / Bloomery Gap Skirmish (approx. 2.1 miles away); Hampshire County / Virginia (approx. 2.1 miles away); “Caudyís Castle” (approx. 2Ĺ miles away); Pinoak Fountain (approx. 5Ĺ miles away); Northwestern Turnpike (approx. 7 miles away); Fort Edwards (approx. 7 miles away); Frederick County Va. / West Virginia (approx. 7.2 miles away in Virginia); Camp Mud (approx. 7.2 miles away). Touch for a list and map of all markers in Bloomery.
More about this marker. On the upper right of the marker is a sketch captioned, Federal cavalry charge, Harper's Weekly, Feb. 8, 1862. The sidebar on the lower left features a portrait captioned, Gen. Frederick W. Lander Courtesy Rick Wolfe.
Also see . . .  Official Reports of Gen. Lander and Col. Sencendiver. (Submitted on May 8, 2010.)
Categories. War, US Civil
Credits. This page was last revised on June 16, 2016. This page originally submitted on May 8, 2010. This page has been viewed 2,005 times since then and 100 times this year. Photos:   1, 2, 3. submitted on May 8, 2010. • Craig Swain was the editor who published this page.
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