Tybee Island in Chatham County, Georgia — The American South (South Atlantic)
Long Range Artillery Duel
The Battle of Fort Pulaski features the first significant use of rifled artillery in combat. Prior to the battle no one could predict the impact of these new weapons. General Robert E. Lee told Colonel Olmstead, the commander of Fort Pulaski, that federal guns on Tybee Island "will make it very warm for you with shells ... but they cannot breach your walls at that distance." The power of rifled artillery would prove Lee wrong.
The Union commander wrote, "The result of this bombardment must cause a change in the construction of fortifications as radical as that ... of the conflict between the Monitor and the Merrimac. No works of stone or brick can resist the impact of rifled artillery."
Spiralled grooves on the interior of rifled cannons imparted stabilizing spin to their projectiles. This tight spinning action dramatically improved the range, accuracy and hitting power of artillery.
Rifled Cannon (30-Pounder Parrott)
Range: 5 miles
(Key to diagram on lower left)
2 Expansion skirt
6 Siege carriage
Erected by Fort Pulaski National Monument - National Park Service - U.S. Department of the Interior.
Location. 32° 1.003′ N, 80° 52.242′ W. Marker is in Tybee Island, Georgia, in Chatham County. Marker is at the intersection of Battery Park/Catalina Drive and U.S. 80, on the right when traveling west on Battery Park/Catalina Drive. Touch for map. Located at the entrance to Battery Park community. Marker is in this post office area: Tybee Island GA 31328, United States of America.
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within 2 miles of this marker, measured as the crow flies. Cockspur Island Lighthouse (a few steps from this marker); A Turning Point In History (within shouting distance of this marker); Federal Batteries on Tybee Island (about 500 feet away, measured in a direct line); Lazaretto (approx. half a mile away); The Breached Wall (approx. 1.3 miles away); Federal Siege Batteries (approx. 1.3 miles away); Brooke Rifle (approx. 1.3 miles away); 4.5 Inch Blakely Rifle (approx. 1.3 miles away). Touch for a list and map of all markers in Tybee Island.
More about this marker. On the upper right is a photo of Fort Pulaski after its walls were breached. By the close of the battle a section of Fort Pulaski's walls
In the lower center-left is a diagram of a rifled cannon from the Civil War.
Categories. • War, US Civil •
Credits. This page was last revised on June 16, 2016. This page originally submitted on May 9, 2010, by Craig Swain of Leesburg, Virginia. This page has been viewed 1,200 times since then and 2 times this year. Photos: 1. submitted on May 9, 2010, by Craig Swain of Leesburg, Virginia. 2. submitted on August 8, 2013, by Bill Coughlin of North Arlington, New Jersey. 3, 4, 5, 6. submitted on May 9, 2010, by Craig Swain of Leesburg, Virginia.