Farmville in Prince Edward County, Virginia — The American South (Mid-Atlantic)
R. R. Moton High School
—Prince Edward County —
Moton High School was built to house 180 black students. On April 23, 1951, it held 450 instead, with some classes conducted in “tar-paper shacks,” resulting in a student walkout protesting the unequal facilities, course offerings and buses. Within weeks the students sought legal redress of their grievances. The NAACP agreed to support a suit for school integration, believing that goal to be in the best interest of the community. The subsequent case, Davis et al. v. County School Board of Prince Edward, was decided by the United States Supreme Court in 1954 in its landmark Brown v. Board decision, which stated that “in the field of public education the doctrine of ‘separate but equal’ has no place.” A second Brown decision in 1955 mandated that integration be achieved “with all deliberate speed.”
Rather than integrate its public schools, Prince Edward County withheld funds for all public education. As a result, all of the county’s public schools were closed from 1959 until 1964, when the Supreme Court ruled in Griffin v. Prince Edward that localities
Today, Prince Edward’s fully integrated public schools bear the legacy of a fight for civil rights in education that began here with a courageous, non-violent act by a group of high school students and resulted in three historic United States Supreme Court rulings. In 1998 the site was designated a National Historic Landmark. In 2001 it formally opened as a museum.
Erected by Civil Rights in Education Heritage Trail®. (Marker Number 24.)
Marker series. This marker is included in the Civil Rights in Education Heritage Trail marker series.
Location. 37° 17.475′ N, 78° 23.854′ W. Marker is in Farmville, Virginia, in Prince Edward County. Marker can be reached from the intersection of Griffin Boulevard and Barrow Street. Touch for map. Marker is at or near this postal address: 900 Griffin Boulevard, Farmville VA 23901, United States of America.
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within walking distance of this marker. Robert Russa Moton High School (within shouting distance of this marker); Longwood College (approx. 0.4 miles away); Longwood University (was approx. half a mile away but has been reported missing. ); Farmville Female Seminary Association First Baptist Church (approx. 0.7 miles away); Beulah AME Church (approx. 0.7 miles away); Four Sororities Founded (approx. 0.7 miles away); Main Street - Mayor J. David Crute - EACO Theatre (approx. 0.7 miles away). Touch for a list and map of all markers in Farmville.
Related markers. Click here for a list of markers that are related to this marker. This is a list of Brown v. Board of Education markers.
Also see . . .
1. Civil Rights in Education Heritage Trail. Virginia's Retreat (Submitted on May 31, 2010, by Bernard Fisher of Mechanicsville, Virginia.)
2. The Robert Russa Moton Museum. (Submitted on May 31, 2010, by Bernard Fisher of Mechanicsville, Virginia.)
3. Robert Russa Moton High School (pdf files). National Register of Historic Places (Submitted on May 31, 2010, by Bernard Fisher of Mechanicsville, Virginia.)
Categories. • African Americans • Civil Rights • Education • Government • Notable Buildings • Notable Events •
Credits. This page was last revised on June 16, 2016. This page originally submitted on May 31, 2010, by Bernard Fisher of Mechanicsville, Virginia. This page has been viewed 1,684 times since then. Photos: 1, 2, 3, 4, 5. submitted on May 31, 2010, by Bernard Fisher of Mechanicsville, Virginia.