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“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
Near Winchester in Frederick County, Virginia — The American South (Mid-Atlantic)
 

The Third Battle of Winchester

The Second Woods

 
 
The Third Battle of Winchester Marker image. Click for full size.
By Craig Swain, August 26, 2007
1. The Third Battle of Winchester Marker
Inscription. You are standing at the site of what is known as the Second Woods. The fighting in and around the Second Woods was so rapid and chaotic that many participants disagreed on the details and order of the events. But this is much clear: at 11:40 a.m., Gen. Cuvier Grover's Union Division attacked with fixed bayonets across the Middle Field before you. The rapid and impetuous charge caught the Confederates unprepared - apparently only Gen. Clement Evans' Brigade of Georgians was positioned in and behind the Second Woods. A desperate fight ensued. A Union solider described what followed: "The roar of battle as the two lines fairly met, sounding in a thunderous burst of volleys, pealed up from that woods; and smoke and flame streamed out a long line, as thought the whole forest had been suddenly ignited. The conflict was as fierce as the fiercest battle fought by Grant, from the Rapidan to Petersburg."

Evans' men broke and fell back - the first time they had ever done so without orders. Union jubilation did not last long, however, as Confederate Gens. John B. Gordon and Robert E. Rodes organized a swift and powerful counterattack. Rodes was killed within minutes, but Gen. Cullen A. Battle's Alabama Brigade plunged into a weak point in the Union line. Gordon's men (Virginians, Louisianians, and the reorganized Georgians) and the
Help Preserve 3rd Winchester image. Click for more information.
2. Help Preserve 3rd Winchester
Details of CWPT efforts to save this battlefield.
Click for more information.
rest of Rodes' Division joined the Alabamians and pushed the Union troops out of the Second and West Woods and across the Middle Field. The Confederates pushed on, determined to split Sheridan's army in two. The Third Battle of Winchester might have been Jubal Early's greatest victory, but for the arrival of key Union reinforcements under Gen. David A. Russell. Although Russell died within minutes, his advance slowed, then halted the onrushing Confederates, who fell back to the edge of the Woods from whence they had come.
 
Erected by Civil War Preservation Trust.
 
Location. 39° 12.015′ N, 78° 7.841′ W. Marker is near Winchester, Virginia, in Frederick County. Marker can be reached from Redbud Road (County Route 661), on the right when traveling east. Touch for map. Located at the Second Woods Wayside, along the Battle Trail, inside the CWPT Third Winchester Battlefield site. The closest trailhead to this marker is along Redbud Road. Marker is in this post office area: Winchester VA 22603, United States of America.
 
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within walking distance of this marker. The Third Battle of Winchester (about 400 feet away, measured in a direct line); a different marker also named The Third Battle of Winchester (about 500 feet away);
The Battle Map image. Click for full size.
By Craig Swain, August 26, 2007
3. The Battle Map
a different marker also named The Third Battle of Winchester (about 600 feet away); a different marker also named The Third Battle of Winchester (approx. 0.2 miles away); a different marker also named The Third Battle of Winchester (approx. mile away); a different marker also named The Third Battle of Winchester (approx. mile away); a different marker also named The Third Battle of Winchester (approx. mile away); a different marker also named The Third Battle of Winchester (approx. 0.3 miles away). Touch for a list and map of all markers in Winchester.
 
More about this marker. In the center is a portrait of "Confederate General Zebulon York, native of Maine before moving to Louisiana, was wounded in the arm near the Second Woods. His arm was later amputated." On the right, a map illustrates the tactical situation between 11:40 a.m. and 1:30 p.m. on September 19, 1864.
 
Also see . . .
1. Summary of the Battle of Third Winchester. The action described on the marker falls under Phase 4 of this National Parks
The Second Woods Wayside image. Click for full size.
By Craig Swain, August 26, 2007
4. The Second Woods Wayside
Glover's Federal Division advanced here, roughly from left to distant right-center of the photo, into the wood line that stood at the time of the battle.
Service summary. (Submitted on October 27, 2007, by Craig Swain of Leesburg, Virginia.) 

2. CWPT Walking Tour of The Third Battle of Winchester. This marker is one along the walking trail around a portion of the Third Winchester Battlefield, preserved by the Civil War Preservation Trust. (Submitted on October 27, 2007, by Craig Swain of Leesburg, Virginia.) 
 
Categories. War, US Civil
 
Federal Advance image. Click for full size.
By Craig Swain, August 26, 2007
5. Federal Advance
Hackwood lane is on the left side of the photo, although the trees along the lane were not present at the time of the battle. Birge's Federal Brigade drove through the field here, towards the camera, and pressed Evans' Confederate Brigade. The Middle Field wayside marker can barely be seen in the distance.
 
 
Credits. This page was last revised on June 16, 2016. This page originally submitted on October 27, 2007, by Craig Swain of Leesburg, Virginia. This page has been viewed 1,244 times since then and 47 times this year. Photos:   1. submitted on October 27, 2007, by Craig Swain of Leesburg, Virginia.   2. submitted on March 13, 2009, by Craig Swain of Leesburg, Virginia.   3, 4, 5. submitted on October 27, 2007, by Craig Swain of Leesburg, Virginia.
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