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Princeton in Worcester County, Massachusetts — The American Northeast (New England)
 

Site of Mary Rowlandson’s Release

 
 
Site of Mary Rowlandson’s Release Marker image. Click for full size.
By Roger W. Sinnott, June 24, 2010
1. Site of Mary Rowlandson’s Release Marker
Inscription. Upon this rock May 2nd 1676 was made the agreement for the ransom of Mrs. Mary Rowlandson of Lancaster between the Indians and John Hoar of Concord. King Philip was with the Indians but refused his consent.
 
Location. 42° 30.39′ N, 71° 52.19′ W. Marker is in Princeton, Massachusetts, in Worcester County. Marker can be reached from Worcester Road (Massachusetts Route 140), on the left when traveling west. Touch for map. Marker is not visible from the road, but the rock on which it is carved is (barely). Called Redemption Rock, it is located in the woods to the left of Route 140 when traveling northwest. Marker is in this post office area: Princeton MA 01541, United States of America.
 
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within 10 miles of this marker, measured as the crow flies. Redemption Rock (within shouting distance of this marker); The Drake Home and the Underground Railroad (approx. 5.6 miles away); Fitchburg Civil War Memorial (approx. 6.4 miles away); "Mary Had a Little Lamb" (approx. 7.3 miles away); Birthplace of Johnny Appleseed (approx. 7.4 miles away); Mary Sawyer’s Birthplace (approx. 8.5 miles away); Lancaster (approx. 8.9 miles away); Rowlandson Rock (approx. 9.6 miles away).
 
Regarding Site of Mary Rowlandson’s Release.
Wider View of Rock with Marker image. Click for full size.
By Roger W. Sinnott, June 24, 2010
2. Wider View of Rock with Marker
The prominent outcrop bearing the inscription is known locally as Redemption Rock.
Mary Rowlandson (c. 1637-1711), wife of Lancaster minister Joseph Rowlandson, had been captured with her three children in early February 1676 by a coalition of Nipmucs, Narragansetts, and Wampanoags during King Philip’s War, one of the bloodiest conflicts in American history. During a nearly 12-week ordeal she was separated from her children and moved “up and down the wilderness” (as she later wrote) through what is now central Massachusetts, southern Vermont, and New Hampshire. She escaped the fate of many other Lancaster residents — torture and/or death — by knitting shirts, socks, caps, and similar garments for her captives in return for food.

During captivity Mary met several Native American leaders, including the Wampanoag sachem Metacom himself, called King Philip by the English. Finally in May 1676, John Hoar negotiated her release (when King Philip was not around) and escorted her to Boston, where she was reunited with her husband. Some months later two of the couple’s children were also released, the third having died in captivity.

The above details are mainly from King Philip’s War: The History and Legacy of America’s Forgotten Conflict by Eric B. Schultz and Michael J. Tougias (The Countryman Press, Woodstock, VT, 1999).
 
Also see . . .  More information. Includes
Side view of Redemption Rock image. Click for full size.
By Roger W. Sinnott, June 24, 2010
3. Side view of Redemption Rock
additional links about Mary Rowlandson and her book. (Submitted on June 25, 2010, by Roger W. Sinnott of Chelmsford, Massachusetts.) 
 
Categories. Colonial EraMilitaryNative AmericansNotable PersonsWars, US Indian
 
 
Credits. This page was last revised on June 16, 2016. This page originally submitted on June 25, 2010, by Roger W. Sinnott of Chelmsford, Massachusetts. This page has been viewed 942 times since then and 40 times this year. Photos:   1, 2, 3. submitted on June 25, 2010, by Roger W. Sinnott of Chelmsford, Massachusetts. • Kevin W. was the editor who published this page.
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