Coolidge in Pinal County, Arizona — The American Mountains (Southwest)
Those Who Are Gone
The Hohokam were farmers and well adapted to desert living. In prehistoric times, as today, irrigation was the key to desert farming. With simple tools and manual labor, the Hohokam dug hundreds of miles of canals. They maintained extensive trade routes in all directions, receiving goods from hundreds of miles away.
The first European to observe the ruins was Father Kino, a Jesuit missionary. When he visited in 1694, the Casa Grande (Big House), as he named it, had been abandoned for over 250 years. It is not known what happened to the Hohokam. Some archeologists believe that the Hohokam are the ancestors of present day Indian groups. Others believe that the Hohokam gradually left the area due to periods of flooding, decrease in soil productivity, a break up of trade routes, or some combination of these and other events.
Much remains to be known about the Hohokam.
Erected by National Park Service.
Location. 33° 0.123′ N, 111° 31.415′ W. Marker is in Coolidge, Arizona, in Pinal County. Marker is at the intersection of Arizona Route 87 and Arizona Route 287, on the right when traveling north on State Route 87. Touch for map. Marker is at a ramada and picnic table on the southeast corner. Marker is in this post office area: Coolidge AZ 85128, United States of America.
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within 8 miles of this marker, measured as the crow flies. Stephen Tyng Mather (approx. 0.9 miles away); Ghost Town of Adamsville (approx. 4.6 miles away); Granville H. Oury (approx. 6.8 miles away); Chas. D. Poston George-Brockway House (approx. 7.9 miles away); Florence High School (approx. 8 miles away); C.D. Henry House (approx. 8 miles away); Tom Mix & Tony, Jr. (approx. 8.1 miles away).
Also see . . .
1. Casa Grande Ruins National Monument. The National Park Service gives a detailed history of the area and monument along with several photos. (Submitted on June 30, 2010.)
2. Casa Grande Ruins National Monument - A Centennial History of the First Prehistoric Reserve. A National Park Service Publication at the Centennial of the designation as a National Monument. A detailed history with numerous sketches and vintage photos. (Submitted on June 30, 2010.)
3. Photos of the Casa Grande Ruins. (Submitted on June 30, 2010.)
Categories. • Native Americans • Notable Places •
Credits. This page was last revised on June 16, 2016. This page originally submitted on June 30, 2010, by Bill Kirchner of Tucson, Arizona. This page has been viewed 697 times since then. Photos: 1, 2, 3. submitted on June 30, 2010, by Bill Kirchner of Tucson, Arizona. 4, 5. submitted on July 28, 2010, by Bill Kirchner of Tucson, Arizona. 6. submitted on June 30, 2010, by Bill Kirchner of Tucson, Arizona. • Syd Whittle was the editor who published this page.