Near Burlington in Alamance County, North Carolina — The American South (South Atlantic)
A Legacy of Community
Several factors drove owners to sell the mill houses. With affordable automobiles available, many mill workers could buy cars allowing them to live farther from the mills. During this period, new labor laws limited working hours, and most mills adopted shift work to boost production. Increasing the numbers of employees would have required owners to provide additional, expensive housing. Also, laws prohibiting young children from working caused family housing to be less cost effective. Finally, fearing that the villages fostered delinquency and promoted a distinct white lower class, regional leaders encouraged integration into the larger community.
Ironically, while the sale of mill villages ultimately eroded unique communities some mill workers benefited from the change. Owners often sold houses directly to workers who lived in
People misses a lot by not having a community. I believe it made you more secure or something. But now youíre scattered. You work maybe one place, then work way over yonder, and you donít get close to nobody.
Mary Thompson, draw in hand in a North Carolina millV
With the passage of the Civil Rights Act in 1964 and the increasing number of higher-paying jobs available to whites outside of the mills, owners began employing African Americans in greater numbers. Still mills did not offer them equal wages and opportunities for advancement. Not until African Americans began to unite and voice their grievances in the 1960s and 1970s did their experiences in the textile mills begin to improve.
The sale of the houses did not break down mill communities overnight; rather, the process was gradual. The villages remained overwhelmingly white, and most homeowners still worked in the mill or held other blue-collar jobs. The end of mill-owned institutions, however, slowly wore away the sense of community. Town stores closed, county school systems incorporated mill town schools, mills no longer formed baseball teams and clubs – ultimately mill workers became part o the larger community.
Today, the whirring
Location. 36° 8.3′ N, 79° 25.663′ W. Marker is near Burlington, North Carolina, in Alamance County. Marker is on Glencoe Street, on the left when traveling west. Touch for map. Glencoe Village is 3 miles north of Burlington, NC from NC Highway 62. Marker is in this post office area: Burlington NC 27215, United States of America.
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within walking distance of this marker. Cotton Dust and Poverty (here, next to this marker); After the Whistle Blows (here, next to this marker); Neighbors Divided (here, next to this marker); Living in a Mill-Centered World (a few steps The Rise of the Textile Mill Communities (a few steps from this marker); Working the Shift (a few steps from this marker); Calling the Mill Village 'Home' (a few steps from this marker); Women in the Mill Village (within shouting distance of this marker). Touch for a list and map of all markers in Burlington.
Related markers. Click here for a list of markers that are related to this marker. To better understand the relationship, study each marker in the order shown.
Also see . . .
1. Glencoe Textile Heritage Museum. (Submitted on July 10, 2010, by Patrick G. Jordan of Burlington, North Carolina.)
2. Glencoe Research Forum. This website provides information on historic Glencoe Mill and the restored mill village. (Submitted on July 10, 2010, by Patrick G. Jordan of Burlington, North Carolina.)
Additional keywords. Alamance Cotton Mill, Glencoe, Fabric, Textiles, Company Shops, Holt
Categories. • 20th Century • African Americans • Civil Rights • Industry & Commerce • Notable Places •
Credits. This page was last revised on June 16, 2016. This page originally submitted on July 10, 2010, by Patrick G. Jordan of Burlington, North Carolina. This page has been viewed 676 times since then and 27 times this year. Photos: 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8. submitted on July 10, 2010, by Patrick G. Jordan of Burlington, North Carolina. • Bill Pfingsten was the editor who published this page.