Fredericksburg, Virginia — The American South (Mid-Atlantic)
Henry Deane was born a slave in Powhatan County, but arrived in Fredericksburg in 1868 as a free man. He worked for several local businesses but also managed his own livery and speculated in real estate.
This small community, laid out on the edge of town in 1812, greeted overland travelers with a wagon yard, a livery, a blacksmith, and a tavern/hotel. The tavern was called Rising Sun (later the Western Hotel) and stood on Liberty Street, to your front. It burned down in 1836.
Fredericksburg annexed Liberty Town, in 1851, and established a burial ground. Initially called Potters Field, it was later referred to as the Colored Cemetery. In 1861, the town allowed the burial there of 51 Confederate soldiers who had succumbed to disease in nearby encampments.
After the Civil War, the town curtailed burials and this area developed as an African-American neighborhood. Many of the graves were removed to the Shiloh Cemetery (opened in 1882), while new houses and commercial enterprises filled the streetscapes. The Fredericksburg High School, to your left,
Erected by the Fredericksburg’s Economic Development Authority.
Location. 38° 18.046′ N, 77° 27.829′ W. Marker is in Fredericksburg, Virginia. Marker is at the intersection of George Street and Liberty Street, on the left when traveling west on George Street. Touch for map. Marker is in this post office area: Fredericksburg VA 22401, United States of America.
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within walking distance of this marker. Fredericksburg Roll of Honor (within shouting distance of this marker); A Memorial Landscape (within shouting distance of this marker); The Barton Street Potter's Field (within shouting distance of this marker); Barton Street Confederate Monument (within shouting distance of this marker); From a Burying Ground to a Park (about 400 feet away, measured in a direct line); The Corporation Burying Ground (about 500 feet away); Fredericksburg Campaign (about 700 feet away); Marye’s Heights (about 700 feet away). Touch for a list and map of all markers in Fredericksburg.
Regarding Liberty Town. Photograph captions:
Top left photo: African Americans buried in Potters Field were reinterred in the Shiloh Cemetery,
Top left photo: Small dwellings characterized this post Civil War African-American community. The frame dwelling in this photo was located on Liberty Street, to your front. The brick building in the background is still there.
Center photo: Henry Deane built many of the small houses in Liberty Town, some of which are still visible.
Categories. • African Americans • Cemeteries & Burial Sites • Settlements & Settlers • War, US Civil •
Credits. This page was last revised on June 16, 2016. This page originally submitted on July 16, 2010, by Kevin W. of Stafford, Virginia. This page has been viewed 990 times since then and 56 times this year. Photos: 1, 2, 3. submitted on July 16, 2010, by Kevin W. of Stafford, Virginia. 4, 5, 6. submitted on August 24, 2010, by Kevin W. of Stafford, Virginia.