Marker Logo HMdb.org THE HISTORICAL
MARKER DATABASE
“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
Near Farmington in Fayette County, Pennsylvania — The American Northeast (Mid-Atlantic)
 

First Roads to the West

 
 
First Roads to the West Marker image. Click for full size.
By J. J. Prats, April 11, 2006
1. First Roads to the West Marker
Caption for marker illustration: Maj. General Braddock averaged three miles per day in 1755 as advance squads cut a road through virgin hardwood forests ahead of 2,400 British soldiers.
Inscription. Before the Europeans, only Indian trails led through virgin forests that once stretched beyond the horizon. About 1750 Nemacolin, a Delaware Indian, blazed a trail past here for the Ohio Company. Four years later, Virginia militia under Lt. Col. George Washington cut a narrow "road" through this wilderness from present-day Cumberland, Maryland to beyond Fort Necessity.

In 1755, Maj. Gen. Edward Braddock's British army widened Washington's road and extended it to the Monongahela River. Braddock's Road was an amazing engineering feat. Hundreds of men cut a 12-foot-wide swath through the forest for Braddock's 2,400 soldiers, 13 cannons, about 100 wagons, and a herd of cattle. After the French and Indian War, this road became the main route west until the adjacent National Road reached the Ohio River in 1818.
 
Erected by Fort Necessity National Battlefield, National Park Service, U.S. Department of the Interior.
 
Marker series. This marker is included in the Braddock’s Road and Maj. Gen. Edward Braddock marker series.
 
Location. 39° 49.921′ N, 79° 36.041′ W. Marker is near Farmington, Pennsylvania, in Fayette County. Marker can be reached from National Pike (U.S. 40) 1.2 miles east of
Route of Braddock's March image. Click for full size.
By J. J. Prats, April 11, 2006
2. Route of Braddock's March
Caption for the map on the marker: "Braddock Road"—a main route west for 60 years—was replaced by the nearby National Road in 1818. In many places the National Road's bed is now under U.S. Route 40 to the left, which was designated in 1925.
Fayette Springs Road. Touch for map. Marker is in this post office area: Farmington PA 15437, United States of America.
 
Other nearby markers. At least 5 other markers are within walking distance of this marker. The Old Braddock Road (a few steps from this marker); Braddock Park (a few steps from this marker); A Secret Grave (within shouting distance of this marker); Road to Disaster (within shouting distance of this marker); Braddock’s Grave (within shouting distance of this marker). Touch for a list and map of all markers in Farmington.
 
Also see . . .  John Kennedy Lacock's Braddock Road. 1914 article about the original road lavishly illustrated with maps and vintage postcards. (Submitted on May 3, 2006.) 
 
Categories. Roads & VehiclesSettlements & SettlersWar of 1812
 
Marker, Next to Braddock Road's Trace (Path) image. Click for full size.
By J. J. Prats, April 11, 2006
3. Marker, Next to Braddock Road's Trace (Path)
 
 
Credits. This page was last revised on June 16, 2016. This page originally submitted on May 3, 2006, by J. J. Prats of Springfield, Virginia. This page has been viewed 2,133 times since then and 52 times this year. Photos:   1, 2, 3. submitted on May 3, 2006, by J. J. Prats of Springfield, Virginia.
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