Near Ladora in Iowa County, Iowa — The American Midwest (Upper Plains)
Josiah Bushnell Grinnell, a native of Vermont, was the person to whom Horace Greeley gave his famous advice “Go West, young man, go West.” Grinnell took that advice and in 1854 founded the city that now bears his name. A leader in state government, Grinnell in 1857 chaired the legislative committee that planed Iowa’s system of public education from the elementary through university level. A foe of slavery, he gave shelter in 1859 to the fiery abolitionist John Brown after Brown’s anti-slavery raids in Kansas and Missouri. J.B. Grinnell also made his community a stop on the Underground Railroad, with about 1,000 freed slaves passing through the time in the years before the Civil War. After a devastating tornado struck Grinnell, in 1882, and again a fire destroyed much of the business district in 1889, the founder led the rebuilding efforts that resulted in a renewed community.
The city is the home of Grinnell College, a private coeducational liberal arts institution founded as Iowa College in 1846. The college, which moved to Grinnell in 1856, was the first institution west of the Mississippi River to grant a bachelor’s degree; and it was also the first college in the country to have an undergraduate department of political science.
It made sports history in 1889 when it was the site of the first intercollegiate football game played west of the Mississippi River. The score: Grinnell 24 - University of Iowa 0.
The college’s students have included; Harry Hopkins ’12, chief aide to President Franklin D. Roosevelt; James Norman Hall ’10, co-author of Mutiny on the Bounty; writer Ruth Suckow ’14; actor Gary Cooper ’26; Olympic gold medalist Morgan Taylor ’26; and Robert Noyce ’49, inventor of the process that made the microchip, and therefore the modern electronics revolution. Another resident of the city was Arthur W. Radford, World War II admiral and chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff, 1953-57.
Grinnell has many excellent examples of 19th century residential, commercial and institutional architecture, with several structures listed on the National Register of Historic Places. The city’s most notable building is the Brenton National Bank of Poweshiek County, originally the Merchants National Bank of Grinnell. Built in 1914 and designed by Louis Sullivan, the structure is nationally recognized as a prime example of Prairie School architecture.
Erected 1987 by State Historical Society of Iowa and by the Iowa Department of Transportation
Marker series. This marker is included in the Iowa, State Historical Society of marker series.
Location. 41° 41.794′ N, 92° 13.927′ W. Marker is near Ladora, Iowa, in Iowa County. Marker can be reached from Interstate 80 at milepost 208, 3.6 miles west of County Highway V52, on the right when traveling west. Touch for map. The marker is located at the Rest Area 6 Westbound, 3.1 miles west of Exit 211 on Interstate 80. Marker is in this post office area: Ladora IA 52251, United States of America.
Other nearby markers. At least 1 other marker is within walking distance of this marker. Historic Amana Colonies (about 800 feet away, measured in a direct line).
Regarding Historic Grinnell. Brenton National Bank of Poweshiek County, referenced on the marker, is now the Merchants Bank owned by Wells Fargo. The bank now operates out of the modern addition to the original building. The Grinnell Chamber of Commerce offices are located in Jewel Box Bank building.
Also see . . .
1. Drake Library Our Community: Outline History of Greater Grinnell, by John Nollen. (Submitted on December 19, 2012, by PaulwC3 of Northern, Virginia.)
2. College History - About | Grinnell College. (Submitted on July 28, 2010, by PaulwC3 of Northern, Virginia.)
3. Local History >> Drake Community Library Louis Sullivan: The Jewel Box, by Diane Lee (Submitted on July 28, 2010, by PaulwC3 of Northern, Virginia.)
Categories. • Abolition & Underground RR • Education • Notable Buildings • Political Subdivisions • Settlements & Settlers •
Credits. This page was last revised on June 16, 2016. This page originally submitted on July 28, 2010, by PaulwC3 of Northern, Virginia. This page has been viewed 1,213 times since then and 17 times this year. Photos: 1, 2, 3, 4, 5. submitted on July 28, 2010, by PaulwC3 of Northern, Virginia.