Hampton, Virginia — The American South (Mid-Atlantic)
Hampton Roads – World’s Greatest Harbor
Historical Events Passing the Shores of Olde Wythe
Thoughout the course of history, Olde Wythe’s shores have seen many events that shaped the world. On May 13, 1607 Capt. Christopher Newport led his three ships through Hampton Roads and up the James River where the first permanent English colony was established.
During the War of 1812, on June 25, 1813, the British launched a surprise attack on the town of Hampton, landing before dawn between what is known today as Indian River and Robinson Creeks. As a result of the War of 1812, the U.S. Government decided to improve the defenses of the coast from foreign invasion with the construction of Fort Monroe in 1819. On March 8, 1862, the Confederate ironclad CSS Virginia (previously the USS Merrimack) entered Hampton Roads from the Elizabeth River, intent on destroying the Union blockading fleet. A historic battle now known as the “Battle of the Ironclads” took place. This battle changed naval warfare forever.
Across the harbor you see the Norfolk Naval Station, established in 1917 on land from the Jamestown Exposition. As the largest naval complex in the world, the base serves as the headquarters of the Atlantic Fleet, NATO, and the U.S. Joint Forces Command, and is the home port of the Second Fleet.
During both World Wars, Newport News was designated as an Army Port of Embarkation, due in part to its Hampton Roads location. Hundreds of thousands of soldiers passed this point as they went to their assigned posts overseas and returned here after the wars. On October 17, 1942, Major General George Patton and his men sailed past this location in route to the invasion of North Africa.
Today Hampton Roads continues to support the economic diversity of the area including shipping, fishing, and the abundant military presence and is one of the largest and busiest ports in the United States.
Bringing History to Life
For more neighborhood information visit: www.oldewythe.com
For more visitor information visit: www.VisitHampton.com
In partnership with Virginia Civil War Trails, www.civilwartrails.org
Erected by Olde Wythe Neighborhood Association.
Location. 37° 0.042′ N, 76° 22.049′ W. Marker is in Hampton, Virginia. Marker is on Chesapeake Avenue (Virginia Route 167) near Alleghany Road, on the left when traveling south. Touch for map. Marker is in this post office area: Hampton VA 23661, United States of America.
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within walking distance of this marker. Admiral Sir George Cockburn on the Chesapeake / The War of 1812 (here, next to this marker); Olde Wythe During Colonial Times (about 500 feet away, measured in a direct line); The Hampton Roads Golf And Country Club (about 500 feet away); The Development Of Olde Wythe (approx. 0.2 miles away); Fertile Hunting Grounds For The Indians (approx. 0.3 miles away); Indian River Park – In The Heart Of Olde Wythe (approx. 0.3 miles away); Sack of Hampton / The War of 1812 (approx. 0.3 miles away); Stalemate in Hampton Roads (approx. 0.4 miles away). Touch for a list and map of all markers in Hampton.
More about this marker. On the lower left is an "Undated photo of the fishing camp that was located along Hampton Roads shoreline in the 2200 block of Chesapeake Avenue."
On the upper right is a photo of The "Great White Fleet" leaving the harbor on its around the world trip."
Also see . . .
1. Olde Wythe Neighborhood Association. (Submitted on August 2, 2010, by Bernard Fisher of Mechanicsville, Virginia.)
2. Memories and History of Hampton Virginia’s Olde Wythe Neighborhood. (Submitted on August 2, 2010, by Bernard Fisher of Mechanicsville, Virginia.)
3. Hampton Convention & Visitor Bureau. (Submitted on August 2, 2010, by Bernard Fisher of Mechanicsville, Virginia.)
4. Virginia Civil War Trails. (Submitted on August 2, 2010, by Bernard Fisher of Mechanicsville, Virginia.)
Categories. • Industry & Commerce • Military • Natural Resources • War of 1812 • War, US Civil • War, World I • War, World II • Waterways & Vessels •
Credits. This page was last revised on June 16, 2016. This page originally submitted on August 2, 2010, by Bernard Fisher of Mechanicsville, Virginia. This page has been viewed 995 times since then and 38 times this year. Photos: 1, 2. submitted on August 2, 2010, by Bernard Fisher of Mechanicsville, Virginia.