Salisbury in Rowan County, North Carolina — The American South (South Atlantic)
C.S. Military Prison
Longing for the Morning
Union Gen. Ulysses S. Grant, to further strain Southern resources, slowed the exchange of prisoners in 1864, and beginning in August stopped the exchanges entirely until February 1865. In October 1864, the prison began receiving large numbers of Union soldiers captured on the Virginia battlefields. By early November, the prison, designed to hold about 2,500, became inundated with about 10,000 men. The overcrowded inmates occupied tents and partial underground shelters throughout the fall and winter of 1864-65 because most of the buildings had to be used as hospitals. In February 1865, after about 3,500 prisoners had died from exposure, disease, and other causes, those remaining were transferred to Wilmington, N.C., and Richmond for exchange. In mid-April,
The main entrance to the prison compound stood 40 yards across the bridge to your right, enclosed by a wooden stockade and a “dead line” that inmates could be shot for crossing. The log garrison house in front of you is the only surviving structure used by the prison.
“There we sat, night after night, in the thick darkness, inhaling the foul vapor and acrid smoke, longing for the morning when we could again catch a glimpse of the blue beaming sky.”
† † † † - Four Years in Secessia, Junius Henry Browne
Erected by Civil War Trails.
Marker series. This marker is included in the North Carolina Civil War Trails marker series.
Location. 35° 39.839′ N, 80° 28.206′ W. Marker is in Salisbury, North Carolina, in Rowan County. Marker is on E Bank Street, on the right when traveling north. Touch for map. Marker is in this post office area: Salisbury NC 28144, United States of America.
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within walking distance of this marker. City of Salisbury (approx. 0.2 miles away); Meroneyís Theatre (approx. 0.2 miles away); Andrew Jackson (approx. 0.2 miles away); Confederate Prison Salisbury Confederate Memorial (approx. 0.3 miles away); St. Lukeís Episcopal Church (approx. 0.3 miles away); Washington Southern Tour (approx. 0.3 miles away); Rowan County Courthouse (approx. 0.3 miles away). Touch for a list and map of all markers in Salisbury.
More about this marker. The bottom left of the marker contains a lithograph of a birds-eye view of the prison, by C.A. Kraus in 1886. The upper right of the marker shows an “Aerial photo with outline of prison boundaries.”
Also see . . .
1. The Salisbury NC Confederate Civil War Prison & Salisbury National Cemetery. (Submitted on August 11, 2010, by Bill Coughlin of North Arlington, New Jersey.)
2. Western North Carolina Civil War Sites. North Carolina Civil War Trails (Submitted on August 11, 2010, by Bill Coughlin of North Arlington, New Jersey.)
Categories. • War, US Civil •
Credits. This page was last revised on June 16, 2016. This page originally submitted on August 8, 2010, by Bill Coughlin of North Arlington, New Jersey. This page has been viewed 1,342 times since then and 4 times this year. Photos: 1, 2, 3, 4, 5. submitted on August 8, 2010, by Bill Coughlin of North Arlington, New Jersey.