“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
Goliad in Goliad County, Texas — The American South (West South Central)

Don Rafael Antonio Manchola

Don Rafael Antonio Manchola Marker image. Click for full size.
By Steve Gustafson, June 13, 2010
1. Don Rafael Antonio Manchola Marker
Inscription. Early Goliad leader Rafael Antonio Manchola was born to a Spanish aristocratic family circa 1800. In 1822, he arrived in La Bahia, and two years later he wed María de Jesús de Leon, daughter of empersario Martín de León and Patricia de la Garza. Manchola served as attorney and business agent for de León and became one of the region's principal advocates for its citizens. He became commander of the Presidio of Nuestra Señora de Loreto and in 1828 became state deputy in the Coahuila and Texas legislature. He also served as alcalde in Goliad.

During the 1829 legislature session, Manchola helped establish the municipality of Guadalupe Victoria. He also corresponded with Stephen F. Austin about Texas' welfare, and he declared his support for the separate statehood of Coahuila and Texas. That year he petitioned the state to change La Bahia's name to Goliad, an anagram of the name of Father Miguel Hidalgo, hero of the Mexican Revolution.

Throughout his career, Manchola's work included strong advocacy for democracy and for increasing Anglo settlement. In 1832, he planned to accompany William Wharton to Mexico City to petition for statehood for Coahuila and Texas, but the trip was cancelled. The following July, he died of cholera during an epidemic, leaving behind his wife and seven-year-old daughter Francisca. Although his
Don Rafael Antonio Manchola Marker image. Click for full size.
By Steve Gustafson, June 13, 2010
2. Don Rafael Antonio Manchola Marker
Manchola Marker in the foreground.
widow received several land grants, she and the de Leóns fled Texas due to anti-Mexican sentiment during the Texas Revolution, despite their connection to early support of settlement and independence.
Erected 2006 by Texas Historical Commission. (Marker Number 13441.)
Location. 28° 39.948′ N, 97° 23.489′ W. Marker is in Goliad, Texas, in Goliad County. Marker is on South Market Street south of North Courthouse Square, on the right when traveling south. Touch for map. In the courthouse square. Marker is in this post office area: Goliad TX 77963, United States of America.
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within walking distance of this marker. Regulators of Goliad County (a few steps from this marker); Goliad Tornado of 1902 (within shouting distance of this marker); The Hanging Tree (within shouting distance of this marker); Santa Anna's Surrender Ratified (about 300 feet away, measured in a direct line); Goliad (about 600 feet away); Judge James Arthur White and the Civilian Conservation Corps at Goliad State Park (approx. 0.6 miles away); Mission Nuestra Senora Del Espiritu Santo De Zuniga (approx. 0.7 miles away); Site of the Mission Nuestra Señora del Espiritu Santo de Zúñiga (approx. 0.7 miles away). Touch for a list and map of all markers in Goliad.
Categories. War, Texas Independence
Credits. This page was last revised on June 16, 2016. This page originally submitted on August 9, 2010, by Steve Gustafson of Lufkin, Texas. This page has been viewed 1,034 times since then. Photos:   1, 2. submitted on August 9, 2010, by Steve Gustafson of Lufkin, Texas. • Craig Swain was the editor who published this page.
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