Near Sturgis in Meade County, South Dakota — The American Midwest (Upper Plains)
Mountain of Plains Indians
—Cheyenne (Nowawaste) Sioux (Mato Paha) —
This was a sacred mountain to the Cheyenne, the first Indians known to white man to live adjacent to it and here Sweet Medicine, their spiritual leader, received four sacred Cheyenne arrows and the code of ethics many centuries ago. Many a prayer has been said on its rugged slopes and many a smoke signal from its lofty summit has told watchful eyes, of travelers on the Bismarck-Deadwood Trail to its north and other sojourners within its vista.
Near here in 1857 a great council of the Indians determined to hold the Black Hills inviolate from the white man and for two decades this policy dictated their defensive actions.
Custer's annihilation at the Little Big Horn in 1876; the establishment of Camp Sturgis, July 1, 1878 on its Northwest slope spelled the passing of the red man and his brother the buffalo. Today Bear Butte stands, an outpost of the Hills, still a shrine to the Cheyenne, who come here to worship and a monument to man made history and to natures weird handiwork.
Marker series. This marker is included in the National Historic Landmarks marker series.
Location. 44° 24.982′ N, 103° 26.467′ W. Marker is near Sturgis, South Dakota, in Meade County. Marker is on 206th Street (State Highway 34) 0.2 miles west of 131st Street (State Highway 79), on the left when traveling east. Touch for map. Marker is in this post office area: Sturgis SD 57785, United States of America.
Other nearby markers. At least 4 other markers are within 5 miles of this marker, measured as the crow flies. Bear Butte (Mato Paha) Indian Camp (approx. 2.1 miles away); Civilian Conservation Corps Camps (approx. 2.1 miles away); Charles Nolin, Pony Mail Carrier (approx. 3˝ miles away); Camp J.G. Sturgis / Scooptown (approx. 5 miles away).
Also see . . .
1. Bear Butte State Park. (Submitted on August 12, 2010, by William J. Toman of Green Lake, Wisconsin.)
2. Protect Bear Butte. (Submitted on August 12, 2010, by William J. Toman of Green Lake, Wisconsin.)
Categories. • Landmarks • Native Americans •
Credits. This page was last revised on June 16, 2016. This page originally submitted on August 11, 2010, by William J. Toman of Green Lake, Wisconsin. This page has been viewed 1,054 times since then and 3 times this year. Photos: 1, 2, 3. submitted on August 12, 2010, by William J. Toman of Green Lake, Wisconsin. 4. submitted on August 10, 2010, by Mike Stroud of Bluffton, South Carolina. • Bill Pfingsten was the editor who published this page.