“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
Big Lake in Reagan County, Texas — The American South (West South Central)

The Town of Texon

The Town on Texon Marker image. Click for full size.
By Steve Henderson, August 21, 2010
1. The Town on Texon Marker
Inscription. Many travelers along many historic trails in this area found the region arid and inhospitable. Given (1876) to the University of Texas, the lands around this marker were leased to cattlemen. The Kansas City, Mexico & Orient Railroad built its line here in 1911, but did little local hauling. Development came after Frank Pickrell and Haymon Krupp of Texon Oil and Land Company drilled for oil. Their driller, Carl Cromwell, brought in Santa Rita No. 1, The first gusher in the Permian Basin, on May 28, 1923.

Texon, first company town in the Permian Basin, was founded in 1924 by Big Lake Oil Company. Levi Smith, president of the firm, planned and supervised building of the town, and Ted Williams served as City Manager for the company. Texon had stores, shops, a school, a physician, a dentist, a hospital, a theater, a park, a well-known baseball team, and many facilities for recreation. The post office opened in 1926. As many as 2000 people lived here - boosters claimed up to 10,000 - manning the drilling, a gasoline plant, an oil treating plant, and other operations. Plymouth Oil Company absorbed Big Lake Oil Company, then sold out to Marathon Oil Company. The company town closed in 1962.
Erected 1977 by Texas Historical Commission. (Marker Number 1625.)
Location. 31° 13.492′ N, 101° 41.374′ W. Marker is in Big Lake, Texas, in Reagan County. Marker can be reached from Farm to Market Road 1675 half a mile south of U.S. 67, on the right when traveling south. Touch for map. Marker is in this post office area: Big Lake TX 76932, United States of America.
Other nearby markers. At least 3 other markers are within 9 miles of this marker, measured as the crow flies. Santa Rita No. 1 (approx. half a mile away); Upton County (approx. 9.1 miles away); Rankin (approx. 9.1 miles away).
Also see . . .  Texon, Texas. A very interesting website with photos and comments from former residents of the company town. (Submitted on August 26, 2010.) 
Categories. Industry & CommerceRailroads & StreetcarsSettlements & Settlers
Credits. This page was last revised on June 16, 2016. This page originally submitted on August 22, 2010, by Steve Henderson of Marble Falls, Texas. This page has been viewed 558 times since then and 18 times this year. Photo   1. submitted on August 22, 2010, by Steve Henderson of Marble Falls, Texas. • Syd Whittle was the editor who published this page.
Editor’s want-list for this marker. Wide area view of marker and its surroundings. • Photos of existing buildings if still standing. • Can you help?
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