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Near Battlefield in Greene County, Missouri — The American Midwest (Upper Plains)
 

A Union Plan / The Broken Pincer

Wilson's Creek

 
 
A Union Plan image. Click for full size.
By Craig Swain, August 29, 2010
1. A Union Plan
Left side of marker.
Inscription. (Left Side):
A Union Plan
From this spot on August 10, 1861 the complicated fury of the battle of Wilson's Creek would have unfolded before your eyes. The large field in front of you is the south slope of Bloody Hill. Union troops approaching from your right (north) would gain control of the hill early in the fighting.

The open area to the left of Bloody Hill is Sigel's Final Position. Here Colonel Franz Sigel and his 1,200 Union troops went into position on both sides of the Wire Road. Sigel's objective was to strike the Confederate flank and rear.

In between the two Union forces, in the wooded valley below, stood over 10,000 Confederate soldiers. By early morning the state was set, the players in position and the terrible struggle had begun.

(Right Side):
The Broken Pincer
The Union strategy was to trap the Confederates between the giant "pincers" of Sigel and Lyon's armies. The plan had been proposed by Sigel. At first, the idea of splitting an already badly outnumbered army seemed too risky and the plan was rejected. Still determined, Sigel later convinced General Lyon that a coordinated effort by two Union forces was the North's best hope.

At the battle's onset the strategy appeared to be successful. Lyon and Sigel's troops easily brushed aside Confederate resistance
The Broken Pincer image. Click for full size.
By Craig Swain, August 29, 2010
2. The Broken Pincer
Right side of marker.
and secured high ground. Union artillery bombed the startled Southerners below.

As the morning progressed however, communications between the two commands would falter. The Southern troops were given valuable time to reorganize. Eventually hesitancy and mistaken uniforms would beat Sigel and the "pincer" would be broken.
 
Location. 37° 6.051′ N, 93° 24.176′ W. Marker is near Battlefield, Missouri, in Greene County. Marker can be reached from Tour Road, on the left when traveling south. Touch for map. Located along a short trail from stop 3, the East Battlefield Overlook, of the Wilson's Creek battlefield driving tour. Marker is in this post office area: Brookline MO 65619, United States of America.
 
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within walking distance of this marker. Pulaski Arkansas Battery (about 500 feet away, measured in a direct line); Price's Headquarters (about 500 feet away); The Eye of the Storm (approx. 0.2 miles away); a different marker also named Pulaski Arkansas Battery (approx. mile away); Fight in Ray's Cornfield (approx. half a mile away); The Ray Family (approx. half a mile away); Rout of Sigel's Column (approx. half a mile away); Ray Springhouse (approx. 0.6 miles away). Touch for a list and map of all markers in Battlefield.
 
Also see . . .  Wilson's Creek National Battlefield Park
Battle Map image. Click for full size.
By Craig Swain, August 29, 2010
3. Battle Map
On the right side is a fading map depicting the Union movements into battle.
. (Submitted on September 2, 2010, by Craig Swain of Leesburg, Virginia.)
 
Categories. War, US Civil
 
A Union Plan / The Broken Pincer Marker image. Click for full size.
By Craig Swain, August 29, 2010
4. A Union Plan / The Broken Pincer Marker
Bloody Hill image. Click for full size.
By Craig Swain, August 29, 2010
5. Bloody Hill
View of Bloody Hill from the overlook.
 
 
Credits. This page was last revised on June 16, 2016. This page originally submitted on September 2, 2010, by Craig Swain of Leesburg, Virginia. This page has been viewed 687 times since then and 37 times this year. Photos:   1, 2, 3, 4, 5. submitted on September 2, 2010, by Craig Swain of Leesburg, Virginia.
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