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New Haven in New Haven County, Connecticut — The American Northeast (New England)
 

Fort Wooster Park

The Quinnipiac Tribe

 
 
Fort Wooster Park Marker image. Click for full size.
By Michael Herrick, September 1, 2010
1. Fort Wooster Park Marker
Inscription.
Fort Wooster Park
Sacred grounds of the Quinnipiac Indians and one of the earliest reservations in the New World
Battle site of the American patriots against the British forces during the invasion of New Haven on July 5, 1779
Location of a hilltop beacon to warn of approaching enemy ships during the War of 1812, site of earthen ramparts and a black powder cellar
The Quinnipiac Tribe
This coastal Algonquian tribe numbered about 250 members when the English colonists arrived in 1638. They practiced a variety of activities: fishing, clamming, farming of beans, squash & corn, gathering of nuts, berries & roots and hunting game animals & birds. They lived in wigwams covered with rush mats, skins or bark. Travel was by foot or dugouts. Clothing consisted of tanned hides decorated with feathers, porcupine quills & shell beads.
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On November 24, 1638, the Quinnipiac leaders: Montowese, Sawseunek, Momaugin, Sugcogisin, Carroughood, Weesaucuck and Shaumpishuh signed a treaty with the Rev. John Davenport and Theophilus Eaton, which designated the east side of the harbor as a reservation of 1200 acres for the Native Americans.
The Indian population gradually dwindled, some of the men serving in Great Britain's colonial wars. East Haven farmers pressured the Quinnipiacs to
Fort Wooster Park Marker image. Click for full size.
By Michael Herrick, September 1, 2010
2. Fort Wooster Park Marker
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sell their reservation land. Many of the tribe migrated to Farmington to join the Tunxis Indians. In 1773 the last of the reservation land was sold. The Quinnipiacs as a tribe were gone forever from the area; however, as late as the mid-1800s, some members returned in the summer to fish, clam, sell baskets and help farmers with haying.
2001
 
Erected 2001.
 
Location. 41° 16.93′ N, 72° 53.65′ W. Marker is in New Haven, Connecticut, in New Haven County. Marker is at the intersection of Townsend Avenue and Upson Terrace, on the left when traveling south on Townsend Avenue. Touch for map. Located in Fort Wooster Park. Marker is in this post office area: East Haven CT 06512, United States of America.
 
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within walking distance of this marker. A Quinnipiac Indian (a few steps from this marker); Beacon Hill (about 400 feet away, measured in a direct line); East Shore Park (approx. 0.4 miles away); 32nd Ward World War I Memorial (approx. 0.8 miles away); Fort Nathan Hale (approx. 0.9 miles away); In Honor of Captain Nathan Hale (approx. 0.9 miles away); The Oyster Industry in New Haven (approx. 0.9 miles away); Society of The Cincinnati Memorial (approx. one mile away). Touch for a list and map of all markers in New Haven.
 
Regarding Fort Wooster Park.
Fort Wooster Park Marker image. Click for full size.
By Michael Herrick, September 1, 2010
3. Fort Wooster Park Marker
Located near Fort Nathan Hale on New Haven's Eastern Shore, Fort Wooster and its Memorial Park commands the heights of Beacon Hill where signal fires were once lit to warn inhabitants of impending dangers. The park features walking trails leading up to earthen works fortifications at the top of the hill.

As of 1820, Fort Wooster was an oval earthen redoubt on a height commanding 168 ft, at 2000 yards distance, over Fort Hale. Its circuit measured on the interior crest of the breastworks was 122 yards, its longer axis was 44 and its smaller 22 yards, measured on the inside. The breastwork is 15 feet thick and the entry was covered by a redan. The interior contained a powder magazine covered with a bombproof shed of beams. This earthwork was planned to be moderinzed as part of the Third System of fortifications mounting 12 guns.
 
Categories. Colonial EraNative AmericansSettlements & SettlersWar, US Revolutionary
 
 
Credits. This page was last revised on June 16, 2016. This page originally submitted on September 10, 2010, by Michael Herrick of Southbury, Connecticut. This page has been viewed 833 times since then and 23 times this year. Photos:   1, 2, 3. submitted on September 10, 2010, by Michael Herrick of Southbury, Connecticut.
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