Near Garfield in Benton County, Arkansas — The American South (West South Central)
A Long, Cold Hungry March
March 4, 5, 6, 1862
Jack Bower, private, 2nd Missouri Regiment
The 16,000-strong Confederate Army of the West spent most of the first week of March 1862 trudging on muddy roads through northwest Arkansas. They traveled some 60 miles from their winter camps deep in the Boston Mountains, beyond the low ridges you see in the distance, to get to Pea Ridge.
General Earl Van Dorn pushed his troops hard to sweep completely around his opponent, using a back road called the Bentonville Detour. Van Dorn gambled that if he could capture the Telegraph Road - the only pipeline for Union supplies and communications - he could crush the Union army. The mountain on which you are standing hid the Confederates' approach to the vital highway.
The last night was the hardest. The cold was bitter. The men were hungry, because their supply wagons lagged far behind. Snow fell as worn-out soldiers slogged the last eight miles in darkness.
Erected by Pea Ridge National Military Park - National Park Service - U.S. Department of the Interior.
Location. 36° 27.593′ N, 94° 2.52′ W. Marker is near Garfield, Arkansas, in Benton County. Touch for map. Located at stop six, the West Overlook, on the driving tour of Pea Ridge National Military Park. Marker is in this post office area: Garfield AR 72732, United States of America.
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within 2 miles of this marker, measured as the crow flies. Two Armies Collide (approx. 0.6 miles away); Hard Fighting Near Leetown (approx. 1.1 miles away); Slaughter in the Rocks (approx. 1.1 miles away); It was the Grandest Thing I Ever Saw... (approx. 1.1 miles away); Night Moves (approx. 1.1 miles away); Fiery Finale on Ruddick's Field (approx. 1.1 miles away); Save the Cannon! (approx. 1.2 miles away); Stand to Your Posts! (approx. 1.2 miles away). Touch for a list and map of all markers in Garfield.
Also see . . .
1. Pea Ridge National Military Park. (Submitted on September 12, 2010, by Craig Swain of Leesburg, Virginia.)
2. The Battle of Pea Ridge. Civil War Preservation Trust resource page for the battle. (Submitted on September 12, 2010, by Craig Swain of Leesburg, Virginia.)
Categories. • War, US Civil •
Credits. This page was last revised on June 16, 2016. This page originally submitted on September 12, 2010, by Craig Swain of Leesburg, Virginia. This page has been viewed 898 times since then and 34 times this year. Photos: 1, 2, 3, 4, 5. submitted on September 12, 2010, by Craig Swain of Leesburg, Virginia.