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“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
Near Garfield in Benton County, Arkansas — The American South (West South Central)
 

A Long, Cold Hungry March

March 4, 5, 6, 1862

 
 
A Long, Cold Hungry March Marker image. Click for full size.
By Craig Swain, August 30, 2010
1. A Long, Cold Hungry March Marker
Inscription. I don't believe they ever made a harder march during the Revolution than we made that night.
Jack Bower, private, 2nd Missouri Regiment

The 16,000-strong Confederate Army of the West spent most of the first week of March 1862 trudging on muddy roads through northwest Arkansas. They traveled some 60 miles from their winter camps deep in the Boston Mountains, beyond the low ridges you see in the distance, to get to Pea Ridge.

General Earl Van Dorn pushed his troops hard to sweep completely around his opponent, using a back road called the Bentonville Detour. Van Dorn gambled that if he could capture the Telegraph Road - the only pipeline for Union supplies and communications - he could crush the Union army. The mountain on which you are standing hid the Confederates' approach to the vital highway.

The last night was the hardest. The cold was bitter. The men were hungry, because their supply wagons lagged far behind. Snow fell as worn-out soldiers slogged the last eight miles in darkness.
 
Erected by Pea Ridge National Military Park - National Park Service - U.S. Department of the Interior.
 
Location. 36° 27.593′ N, 94° 2.52′ W. Marker is near Garfield, Arkansas, in Benton County.
Tour Stop Six image. Click for full size.
By Craig Swain, August 30, 2010
2. Tour Stop Six
Marker is on Military Park Road (County Road 65), on the right when traveling east. Touch for map. Located at stop six, the West Overlook, on the driving tour of Pea Ridge National Military Park. Marker is in this post office area: Garfield AR 72732, United States of America.
 
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within 2 miles of this marker, measured as the crow flies. Two Armies Collide (approx. 0.6 miles away); Hard Fighting Near Leetown (approx. 1.1 miles away); Slaughter in the Rocks (approx. 1.1 miles away); It was the Grandest Thing I Ever Saw... (approx. 1.1 miles away); Night Moves (approx. 1.1 miles away); Fiery Finale on Ruddick's Field (approx. 1.1 miles away); Save the Cannon! (approx. 1.2 miles away); Stand to Your Posts! (approx. 1.2 miles away). Touch for a list and map of all markers in Garfield.
 
Also see . . .
1. Pea Ridge National Military Park. (Submitted on September 12, 2010, by Craig Swain of Leesburg, Virginia.)
2. The Battle of Pea Ridge. Civil War Preservation Trust resource page for the battle. (Submitted on September 12, 2010, by Craig Swain of Leesburg, Virginia.) 
 
Categories. War, US Civil
 
Twelve Corners Church Site image. Click for full size.
By Craig Swain, August 30, 2010
3. Twelve Corners Church Site
Just northwest of the park boundary is the site of Twelve Corners Church. This modern Baptist Church stands on the site of the wartime church. The Army of the West marched past the church along the Bentonville Detour while making the flanking maneuver around the Federals.
Ancient Plateau image. Click for full size.
By Craig Swain, August 30, 2010
4. Ancient Plateau
Plaque behind the marker states, Ages ago this was a plateau. Long erosion left the hill and ridge capped with resistant sandstone. They became landmarks of a battlefield. Also within the walled display area are pointers indicating 10 and 29 mile distances to the nearby cities of Rogers and Fayetteville, respectively.
Other Pointers image. Click for full size.
By Craig Swain, August 30, 2010
5. Other Pointers
A square walled area, also at the stop, has pointers indicating 4 miles to the town of Pea Ridge, and 11 miles to the town of Bentonville.
 
 
Credits. This page was last revised on June 16, 2016. This page originally submitted on September 12, 2010, by Craig Swain of Leesburg, Virginia. This page has been viewed 853 times since then and 53 times this year. Photos:   1, 2, 3, 4, 5. submitted on September 12, 2010, by Craig Swain of Leesburg, Virginia.
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