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Near Lookout Mountain in Hamilton County, Tennessee — The American South (East South Central)
 

The Cravens House

Federals drove the Confederates from their headquarters here

 
 
The Cravens House Marker image. Click for full size.
By Lee Hattabaugh, September 12, 2010
1. The Cravens House Marker
Inscription. Robert Cravens, an ironmaster, built the first house on this site in 1856. Seven years later, in the fall of 1863, Confederate troops occupied Lookout Mountain, and Cravens' house became the headquarters of Confederate Brig. Gen. Edward C. Walthall.

On November 24, 1863, the Union troops stormed the foggy slopes of Lookout Mountain in the famed 'Battle Above the Clouds." Federal infantry pushed the outnumbered Confederates around the north end of the mountain (to your left), and across the Cravens Terrace where you are now standing. As the Confederates fell back, the Cravens house fell into Union hands.

The skirmishing ended here about dusk, and at 2 A.M. the Confederates, short on men and ammunition, withdrew from the mountain. At dawn, Union soldiers climbed to Point Lookout just above here and planted the U.S. flag.

Picture on lower right
When Robert Cravens returned here after the battle, he found little of his home standing except the basement, the chimney, and the stone dairy. In addition to artillery damage, soldiers had stripped the house looking for souvenirs and firewood. The house you see today was rebuilt by Cravens on the same site.

Picture in upper center
Union infantry capture the Cravens House in this engraving from Harper's Weekly, December 26, 1863.
 
Erected by
The Cravens House Marker image. Click for full size.
By Lee Hattabaugh, September 12, 2010
2. The Cravens House Marker
Chickamauga and Chattanooga National Military Park.
 
Location. 35° 0.821′ N, 85° 20.504′ W. Marker is near Lookout Mountain, Tennessee, in Hamilton County. Marker can be reached from Shingle Road 0.1 miles north of Military Road. Touch for map. Marker is located on the grounds of the Cravens' House, a unit of the Chickamauga-Chattanooga National Military Park. Follow the signs from Lookout Mountain Scenic Highway (TN 148) to reach the area. Marker is in this post office area: Lookout Mountain TN 37350, United States of America.
 
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within walking distance of this marker. Howell's Georgia Battery (within shouting distance of this marker); Carlin's Brigade (within shouting distance of this marker); 104th Illinois Infantry (within shouting distance of this marker); Participation of the Artillery (within shouting distance of this marker); New York (within shouting distance of this marker); Hooker's Column (within shouting distance of this marker); Whitaker's Brigade (within shouting distance of this marker); Ireland's Brigade (within shouting distance of this marker). Touch for a list and map of all markers in Lookout Mountain.
 
Also see . . .  Harper's Weekly - 26 December 1863. (Submitted on September 14, 2010, by Lee Hattabaugh of Capshaw, Alabama.)
 
Categories. War, US Civil
 
The Cravens' House image. Click for full size.
By Lee Hattabaugh, September 12, 2010
3. The Cravens' House
the small building in the background is the 'dairy' mentioned on the marker.
The Cravens House image. Click for full size.
By Lee Hattabaugh, September 12, 2010
4. The Cravens House
The Cravens House Marker image. Click for full size.
By Lee Hattabaugh, September 12, 2010
5. The Cravens House Marker
 
 
Credits. This page was last revised on June 1, 2017. This page originally submitted on September 14, 2010, by Lee Hattabaugh of Capshaw, Alabama. This page has been viewed 824 times since then and 58 times this year. Photos:   1, 2, 3, 4, 5. submitted on September 14, 2010, by Lee Hattabaugh of Capshaw, Alabama. • Craig Swain was the editor who published this page.
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