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“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
Galveston in Galveston County, Texas — The American South (West South Central)
 

Battle of Galveston

 
 
Battle of Galveston Marker, composite of 4 close-ups. image. Click for full size.
By Gregory Walker
1. Battle of Galveston Marker, composite of 4 close-ups.
Inscription. As part of the Union blockade of the Texas coast, Commander W. B. Renshaw led his small fleet into Galveston harbor to demand the surrender of this most important Texas port on October 4, 1862. Largely unguarded, as it was considered indefensible, the city surrendered after an exchange of gunfire.

Major General J. B. Magruder was placed in charge of the Confederate forces in Texas after the loss of Galveston. He quickly organized a plan for the island's recapture. Improvising a navy, he refitted two steamers as gunboats by lining their hulls with cotton and manning them with cavalry. Foot soldiers were sent into Galveston in the darkness of early morning on January 1, 1863. Though the ground forces failed to seize the wharf, they engaged some of the Union ships as the makeshift Confederate fleet surprised the Union navy from behind.

The rebel ship "Neptune" was sunk in shallow water. The Federal "Harriet Lane" was boarded by the steamer "Bayou City." Renshaw's flagship, the "Westfield," was destroyed in an explosion that killed the commander and several crewmen. Remaining Union ships fled Galveston Bay despite demands for surrender. Galveston remained under Confederate control for the duration of the war.
 
Erected 1998.
 
Location. 29° 
Bars obscure "normal" photo of Battle of Galveston Marker. image. Click for full size.
By Gregory Walker, April 11, 2010
2. Bars obscure "normal" photo of Battle of Galveston Marker.
18.542′ N, 94° 47.591′ W. Marker is in Galveston, Texas, in Galveston County. Marker can be reached from Wharf Road 0.1 miles west of 21st Street. Touch for map. Located at Pier 21 at the entrance to the Texas Seaport Museum and the Tall Ship "Elissa". Marker is at or near this postal address: Pier 21, Number 8, Galveston TX 77550, United States of America.
 
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within walking distance of this marker. First Navy of the Republic of Texas (about 500 feet away, measured in a direct line); Mallory-Produce Building (about 500 feet away); Juneteenth (about 600 feet away); Hendley's Row (about 700 feet away); Trueheart-Adriance Building (about 700 feet away but has been reported missing); The Stewart Building (approx. 0.2 miles away); 1871 Thomas Jefferson League Building (approx. 0.2 miles away); Hutchings, Sealy & Co. Buildings (approx. 0.2 miles away). Touch for a list and map of all markers in Galveston.
 
Also see . . .  Battle of Galveston article at the Handbook of Texas. (Submitted on September 25, 2010, by Gregory Walker of La Grange, Texas.)
 
Categories. War, US CivilWaterways & Vessels
 
Battle Marker located at entrance to museum. image. Click for full size.
By Gregory Walker, April 11, 2010
3. Battle Marker located at entrance to museum.
 
 
Credits. This page was last revised on June 16, 2016. This page originally submitted on September 25, 2010, by Gregory Walker of La Grange, Texas. This page has been viewed 1,088 times since then and 84 times this year. Photos:   1, 2, 3. submitted on September 25, 2010, by Gregory Walker of La Grange, Texas. • Craig Swain was the editor who published this page.
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