Marker Logo HMdb.org THE HISTORICAL
MARKER DATABASE
“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
Caruthersville in Pemiscot County, Missouri — The American Midwest (Upper Plains)
 

Caruthersville

 
 
Caruthersville Marker image. Click for full size.
By Craig Swain, August 31, 2010
1. Caruthersville Marker
Inscription. (Front):
The capital of historic Pemiscot County and center for a cotton, grain, timber, and industrial area, Caruthersville was laid out, 1857, by George W. Bushey and J. Hardeman Walker (1794-1860), on the Walker plantation. "Bootheel" counties Pemiscot, Dunklin, and a section of New Madrid are said to be part of Missouri through efforts of Walker. His grave is in Eastwood Methodist Churchyard.

First settlement in this vicinity was the French village of Little Prairie founded as a trading post near an Indian village in 1794, by Francois Le Sieur while Missouri was Spanish Upper Louisiana. During the great New Madrid Earthquakes of 1811-12, Little Prairie, being in the center of disturbance, was destroyed. Rebuilt, it was later known as Lost Village, and finally fell victim to flood waters and caving river bank.

Caruthersville became seat of Pemiscot County in 1898. Named for its main bayou, an Indian derivative meaning liquid mud, the county was organized, 1851. The first county seat, Gayoso, named for the Spanish Gov. of La., was a few miles north of here. The site was abandoned to the Mississippi River.
(See other side)

(Reverse):
(Continued from other side)
Caruthersville, here in Missouri's Southeast Lowland Region, serves one of the State's most productive agricultural
Reverse of Marker image. Click for full size.
By Craig Swain, August 31, 2010
2. Reverse of Marker
counties. Game, timber, and soil brought Southern pioneers to the area but growth was halted in the Civil War when troops and guerrilla bands ranged the county. During 1864-66, Pemiscot County was completely disorganized and was placed under the jurisdiction of the adjacent New Madrid County Court.

Caruthersville grew as a shipping center with the coming of Louis Houck's St. Louis, Kennett, & Southern R.R. (now Frisco), 1894. Lumber companies, harvesting the county's forests, spurred railroad development. Land reclaimed by St. Francis River (1893) and Little River (1905) drainage districts and levees increased growth. County population rose from 12,115 in 1900 to 45,624 in 1950.

Pemiscot County lies in territory ceded by Osage tribes, 1808, and utilized by bands of Delaware, Shawnee, and Cherokee Indians. Some of the largest Indian mounds found in Missouri are in this county. One mound, near Cottonwood Point, measured 400 feet by 250 before land use reduced its size.
 
Erected 1957 by State Historical Society of Missouri and State Highway Commission.
 
Marker series. This marker is included in the Missouri, State Historical Society of marker series.
 
Location. 36° 11.359′ N, 89° 39.414′ W. Marker is in Caruthersville, Missouri
Caruthersville Marker image. Click for full size.
By Craig Swain, August 31, 2010
3. Caruthersville Marker
, in Pemiscot County. Marker is at the intersection of Ward Avenue and 7th Street, on the right when traveling south on Ward Avenue. Touch for map. Located in front of the Pemiscot County Courthouse. Marker is in this post office area: Caruthersville MO 63830, United States of America.
 
Other nearby markers. At least 6 other markers are within 17 miles of this marker, measured as the crow flies. General John M. Riggs (approx. 0.3 miles away); Sterling Price Reynolds (approx. 0.3 miles away); Lt. Col. John B. England (approx. 1.2 miles away); General Clifton Bledsoe Cates (approx. 16.2 miles away in Tennessee); Capture of Island No. 10 (approx. 16.2 miles away in Tennessee); Tiptonville Presbyterian Church (approx. 16 miles away in Tennessee).
 
Categories. AgricultureIndustry & CommerceNative AmericansRailroads & StreetcarsSettlements & SettlersWar, US Civil
 
Pemiscot County Courthouse image. Click for full size.
By Craig Swain, August 31, 2010
4. Pemiscot County Courthouse
State Crest at top of Front of Courthouse image. Click for full size.
By Craig Swain, August 31, 2010
5. State Crest at top of Front of Courthouse
Methodist Church Graveyard image. Click for full size.
By Craig Swain, August 31, 2010
6. Methodist Church Graveyard
John Hardeman Walker image. Click for full size.
By Craig Swain, August 31, 2010
7. John Hardeman Walker
1794 - 1860
Enterprising citizen of Little Prairie
through his efforts
the "Bootheel"
became a part of Missouri
Erected by the Gayoso Chapter D.A.R.
1958
Mississippi River at Caruthersville image. Click for full size.
By Craig Swain, August 31, 2010
8. Mississippi River at Caruthersville
The town is still an active riverport. A elevator just over the town's levee loads grain into barges for shipment along the river.
 
 
Credits. This page was last revised on June 16, 2016. This page originally submitted on September 27, 2010, by Craig Swain of Leesburg, Virginia. This page has been viewed 1,260 times since then and 81 times this year. Photos:   1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8. submitted on September 27, 2010, by Craig Swain of Leesburg, Virginia.
Paid Advertisement