Durham in Durham County, North Carolina — The American South (South Atlantic)
The End of War
—Carolinas Campaign —
(Preface, upper left) :
The Carolinas Campaign began on February 1, 1865, when Union Gen. William T. Sherman led his army north from Savannah, Georgia, after the “March to the Sea.” Sherman’s objective was to join Gen. Ulysses S. Grant in Virginia to crush Gen. Robert E. Lee’s Army of Northern Virginia. Scattered Confederate forces consolidated in North Carolina, the Confederacy’s logistical lifeline, where Sherman defeated Gen. Joseph E. Johnston’s last-ditch attack at Bentonville. After Sherman was reinforced at Goldsboro late March, Johnston saw the futility of further resistance and surrendered on April 26, essentially ending the Civil War.
On April 17, 1865, Confederate Gen. Joseph E. Johnston and Union Gen. William T. Sherman met under a flag of truce midway between their lines on Hillsborough Road, seven miles west of Durham Station, to discuss surrender terms. Johnston suggested that they use this nearby farmhouse—the home of James and Nancy Bennett—for privacy.
Inside the Bennett house, Sherman informed Johnson of President Abraham Lincoln’s assassination. Uncertain of the consequences of this murder, the generals began negotiations, with Sherman offering terms similar to those that Gen. Ulysses S. Grant had given Robert E. Lee at Appomattox Court House, Virginia,
On April 26, Sherman and Johnston met here for the last time, and Johnston accepted the terms, surrendering the armies under his command including those in the Carolinas, Georgia, and Florida—some 89,270 Confederates. It was the largest surrender of troops in the war.
Erected by Civil War Trails.
Marker series. This marker is included in the North Carolina Civil War Trails marker series.
Location. 36° 1.767′ N, 78° 58.439′ W. Marker is in Durham, North Carolina, in Durham County. Marker can be reached from the intersection of Bennett Memorial Road and Near Road. Touch for map. Marker is at or near
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within 3 miles of this marker, measured as the crow flies. North Carolina (here, next to this marker); The Original Chimney of the Bennett House (a few steps from this marker); a different marker also named Bennett Place (within shouting distance of this marker); Unity (within shouting distance of this marker); Meeting of the Generals (within shouting distance of this marker); Rotary Bandstand (within shouting distance of this marker); a different marker also named North Carolina (approx. 3 miles away); Duke Homestead (approx. 3 miles away). Touch for a list and map of all markers in Durham.
Also see . . .
1. Civil War Traveler. North Carolina Civil War Trails. (Submitted on March 28, 2008, by Bill Coughlin of North Arlington, New Jersey.)
2. Bennet Place State Historic Site. (Submitted on March 29, 2008, by Bill Coughlin of North Arlington, New Jersey.)
Categories. • War, US Civil •
Credits. This page was last revised on June 16, 2016. This page originally submitted on November 18, 2007, by Bill Coughlin of North Arlington, New Jersey. This page has been viewed 1,878 times since then and 70 times this year. Photos: 1, 2. submitted on November 16, 2007, by Bill Coughlin of North Arlington, New Jersey. 3. submitted on August 11, 2012, by Bill Coughlin of North Arlington, New Jersey. 4. submitted on November 19, 2007, by Bill Coughlin of North Arlington, New Jersey. 5. submitted on July 27, 2009, by Bill Coughlin of North Arlington, New Jersey. 6. submitted on August 13, 2012, by Bill Coughlin of North Arlington, New Jersey. • J. J. Prats was the editor who published this page.