Mechanicsville in Hanover County, Virginia — The American South (Mid-Atlantic)
Beaver Dam Creek
1862 Seven Days’ Battles
Visiting Richmond National Battlefield Park
The concentration of Civil War resources found in the Richmond area is unparalleled. The National Park Service manages 13 sites, giving visitors an opportunity to examine the battlefield landscapes, to hear the stories of the combatants and civilian residents, and to understand the complex reasons why Richmond came to symbolize the heart and soul of the Confederacy.
This is a partial list of park regulations. Site is open sunrise to sunset. Report suspicious activities to any park employee or call 804-795-5018. In emergencies call 911.
Alcoholic beverages are prohibited.
All natural and cultural resources are protected by law.
Relic hunting is prohibited. Possession of a metal detector in the park is illegal.
Hunting, trapping, feeding, or otherwise disturbing wildlife is prohibited.
Weapons are prohibited inside all park buildings.
Pets must be on a leash.
Recreation activities like kite-flying, ball-playing, and frisbee throwing are prohibited.
Motor vehicles and bicycles must remain on established roads.
1862 Seven Days’ Battles
No military campaign had more influence on the course of the Civil War than these Seven
Lee massed much of his own Confederate army at Chickahominy Bluff and surged over the river in a combined operation with Thomas J. “Stonewall” Jackson.
Beaver Dam Creek
Later that afternoon Lee’s men struck a well positioned piece of the Federal army at Beaver Dam Creek. His attack failed, but Jackson’s presence above the creek forced McClellan’s men away overnight.
McClellan decided to move
McClellan organized his retreat and achieved a head start in what would become a race to the James River. Meanwhile, Lee shifted from protecting Richmond to pursuing and defeating the Union army. A Confederate probe at Gouldin’s Farm, south of the Chickahominy River, produced a small battle.
Lee pushed his men forward against the Union army’s rear at Savage’s Station, on the Richmond & York River Railroad. The inconclusive battle there produced 1,400 casualties and temporarily slowed the progress of McClellan’s retreat.
Confederate columns pursued the Union army. A vicious battle at Glendale (or Frayser’s Farm) gave Lee his best opportunity of the campaign, but the determined resistance of McClellan’s subordinates kept the line of retreat open.
McClellan’s army took up a strong defensive position atop Malvern Hill. Poorly coordinated Confederate attacks resulted in a decisive Union victory.
The Confederates pursued the Northern army to its new base at Harrison’s Landing. Lee determined no offensive opportunities remained,
Erected 2010 by Richmond National Battlefield Park.
Location. 37° 35.734′ N, 77° 21.549′ W. Marker is in Mechanicsville, Virginia, in Hanover County. Marker can be reached from Cold Harbor Road (Virginia Route 156). Touch for map. This marker is located in the Beaver Dam Creek unit of Richmond National Battlefield Park. Marker is at or near this postal address: 7423 Cold Harbor Road, Mechanicsville VA 23111, United States of America.
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within walking distance of this marker. Lee’s First Strike (a few steps from this marker); The Creek Runs Red (a few steps from this marker but has been reported missing); The Confederates Attack (within shouting distance of this marker but has been reported missing); Historic Cold Harbor Road (within shouting distance of this marker); Holding the High Ground (about 300 feet away, measured in a direct line); a different marker also named Beaver Dam Creek (about 300 feet away); Site of Ellerson’s Mill (about 300 feet away); Ellerson's Mill (approx. 0.2 miles away). Touch for a list and map of all markers in Mechanicsville.
More about this marker. On the left panel is a map of Civil War sites
On the right panel is a map of the Federal advance up the Peninsula and a map of the Seven Days’ Battles.
Also see . . .
1. The Battle of Beaver Dam Creek, June 26, 1862. Richmond National Battlefield Park (Submitted on October 18, 2010, by Bernard Fisher of Mechanicsville, Virginia.)
2. Old Marker at this Location. This marker replaced an older one at this location also titled “Beaver Dam Creek” (Submitted on October 18, 2010, by Bernard Fisher of Mechanicsville, Virginia.)
Categories. • War, US Civil •
Credits. This page was last revised on June 16, 2016. This page originally submitted on October 18, 2010, by Bernard Fisher of Mechanicsville, Virginia. This page has been viewed 1,078 times since then and 59 times this year. Photos: 1, 2, 3, 4, 5. submitted on October 18, 2010, by Bernard Fisher of Mechanicsville, Virginia.