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Aldie in Loudoun County, Virginia — The American South (Mid-Atlantic)
 

Lee Moves North Again

Screening Lee's Infantry

 

—Gettysburg Campaign —

 
Lee Moves North Again Marker image. Click for full size.
By Craig Swain, November 22, 2007
1. Lee Moves North Again Marker
Inscription. (Preface): After Confederate Gen. Robert E. Lee's stunning victory at Chancellorsville in May 1863, he led the Army of Northern Virginia west to the Shenandoah Valley, then north through central Maryland and across the Mason-Dixon Line into Pennsylvania. Union Gen. George G. Meade, who replaced Gen. Joseph Hooker on June 28, led the Army of the Potomac in pursuit. The armies collided at Gettysburg on July 1, starting a battle that neither general planned to fight there. Three days later, the defeated Confederates retreated, crossing the Potomac River into Virginia on July 14.

In May 1863, Gen. Robert E. Lee proposed a second invasion of the North and Confederate President Jefferson Davis approved the plan. The Federal generals suspected Lee was up to something when Confederate cavalry massed in Culpeper County.

On June 9, Gen. Alfred Pleasonton, Union Gen. Joseph Hooker's cavalry chief, crossed the Rappahannock River and struck the cavalry corps of his counterpart, Gen. J.E.B. Stuart at Brandy Station. Stuart fought to a draw, but the Federal cavalry gained confidence.

Lee, who begun marching his soldiers to the Shenandoah Valley, ordered Stuart to interpose his cavalrymen between the two armies to screen the movement as Pleasonton probed westward. This resulted in the battles of Aldie, Middleburg, and Upperville,
Civil War Sites in Loudoun Valley Map image. Click for full size.
By Craig Swain, November 22, 2007
2. Civil War Sites in Loudoun Valley Map
mounted and unmounted cavalry clashes fought along this road from June 17 through 21. Although the Union horsemen pushed west across the Loudoun Valley with the same newly aggressive spirit they displayed at Brandy Station, Stuart's screening tactics succeeded. As Stuart blocked the Federals' way to Ashby's Gap, Lee's infantry passed down the Shenandoah Valley and then into central Maryland, stealing a march on the Union army. Despite Stuart's success, he was stung by critical articles in Southern newspapers alleging surprises and "defeats." While here in Loudoun Valley, he decided on a daring raid around the Union army into Maryland. He lost touch with Lee for a week, however, and his decision proved fateful. Soon, the Army of Northern Virginia marched across the Mason-Dixon Line into Pennsylvania, where the Army of the Potomac found it at last, at a town called Gettysburg.
 
Erected 2007 by Virginia Civil War Trails.
 
Marker series. This marker is included in the Virginia Civil War Trails marker series.
 
Location. 38° 58.521′ N, 77° 38.465′ W. Marker is in Aldie, Virginia, in Loudoun County. Marker is on John Mosby Highway (U.S. 50), on the right when traveling east. Touch for map. The marker is in the parking lot for the Aldie
Markers in the Aldie Mill Parking Lot image. Click for full size.
By Craig Swain, November 22, 2007
3. Markers in the Aldie Mill Parking Lot
Mill Historic Site. Marker is in this post office area: Aldie VA 20105, United States of America.
 
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within one mile of this marker, measured as the crow flies. Battle of Aldie (here, next to this marker); Aldie Mill (within shouting distance of this marker); Mercer’s Home (about 500 feet away, measured in a direct line); Snickersville Turnpike (approx. 0.7 miles away); a different marker also named Battle of Aldie (approx. ¾ mile away); Fair Oaks (approx. one mile away); Mother of Stonewall Jackson (approx. one mile away); President Monroe’s Home (approx. one mile away). Touch for a list and map of all markers in Aldie.
 
More about this marker. The marker displays portraits of Gen. Alfred Pleasonton and Gen. J.E.B. Stuart in the center. An "Edwin Forbes drawing of cavalry fight near Aldie, June 1863," is on the upper right. A map details important sites related to the cavalry battles in Loudoun Valley.
 
Regarding Lee Moves North Again. This marker is duplicated at Upperville, VA
 
Also see . . .
1. Civil War in Loudoun Valley. The Cavalry Battles of Aldie, Middleburg, and Upperville, June 1863, a National Park Service/CRGIS report. (Submitted on November 27, 2007, by Craig Swain of Leesburg, Virginia.)
Loudoun Valley Pastures image. Click for full size.
By Craig Swain, May 6, 2007
4. Loudoun Valley Pastures
This site along the old Snickers Gap Turnpike was the scene of fighting on June 17, 1863. It is typical of the terrain of Loudoun Valley with open pastures, rock walls, and narrow lanes.
 

2. Civil War Trails - Mosby Country: The Route 50 Corridor. (Submitted on November 27, 2007, by Craig Swain of Leesburg, Virginia.)
 
Categories. War, US Civil
 
Cavalry fight near Aldie, Va. image. Click for full size.
Edwin Forbes, Library of Congress
5. Cavalry fight near Aldie, Va.
Edwin Forbes drawing of Cavalry Fight near Aldie, June 24, 1863.
Pleasanton & Stuart image. Click for full size.
By Allen C. Browne, June 12, 2017
6. Pleasanton & Stuart
General Alfred Pleasonton & General J.E.B. Stuart
Close-up of LOC jphotos on marker
 
 
Credits. This page was last revised on June 16, 2017. This page originally submitted on November 27, 2007, by Craig Swain of Leesburg, Virginia. This page has been viewed 1,545 times since then and 78 times this year. Photos:   1, 2, 3, 4. submitted on November 27, 2007, by Craig Swain of Leesburg, Virginia.   5, 6. submitted on June 13, 2017, by Allen C. Browne of Silver Spring, Maryland.
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