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“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
Freehold in Monmouth County, New Jersey — The American Northeast (Mid-Atlantic)
 

Retreat?

The Battle of Monmouth     28 June 1778

 

—12:00 PM – 12:15 PM —

 
Retreat? Marker image. Click for full size.
By Bill Coughlin, November 3, 2010
1. Retreat? Marker
Inscription.
On this hill, an angry George Washington, Commander-in-Chief of the Continental Armies, met his second-in-command, Major-General Charles Lee, and demanded “What is all this? What all that confusion was for, and retreat?

Washington had sent Lee with twelve cannon and 5,000 men to stage a hit-and-run attack on the rear of the British Army. However, the British had counter-attacked with 10,000 men – forcing Lee to retreat.

As Washington led the main body of the Army towards the Spotswood Middle Brook bridge, he encountered a disorganized retreat. The frustrated officers leading the withdrawing battalions had no idea why they were retreating. There had been little fighting, merely a skirmish and some artillery fire. One complained, “By God! They are flying from a shadow.” The failed attack on the British rear was turning into a political disaster.

With the British only fifteen minutes away, Washington acted decisively. He sent Brigadier General Anthony Wayne to fight a delaying action and asked Lee to further slow the enemy advance. Then Washington rode back across the bridge to organize the main army on the Perrine Farm.
 
Erected by New Jersey Department of Environmental Protection – Division of Parks and Forestry
Marker on the Monmouth Battlefield image. Click for full size.
By Bill Coughlin, November 3, 2010
2. Marker on the Monmouth Battlefield
At this site, General George Washington confronted Gen. Charles Lee, who was retreating after a skirmish with British troops. Lee was later convicted of disobeying orders and never returned to service.
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Location. 40° 16.125′ N, 74° 18.321′ W. Marker is in Freehold, New Jersey, in Monmouth County. Marker can be reached from Wemrock Road south of Freehold-Englishtown Road (County Route 522), on the right when traveling north. Touch for map. Marker is located in Monmouth Battlefield State Park. Marker is in this post office area: Freehold NJ 07728, United States of America.
 
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within walking distance of this marker. Washington Checked Lee’s Retreat (here, next to this marker); The British Rush the Hedgerow (approx. 0.3 miles away); The British Grenadiers (approx. 0.3 miles away); Hold the Hedgerow! (approx. 0.4 miles away); Molly Pitcher (approx. 0.6 miles away); Highlanders Decline Combat (approx. ¾ mile away); a different marker also named Molly Pitcher (approx. 0.8 miles away); Monmouth Battlefield State Park (approx. 0.8 miles away).
 
More about this marker. The lower left of the marker contains a map showing troop movements. The upper right features a picture by H. A. Ogden of General George Washington confronting a retreating General Charles Lee.
 
Also see . . .
1. Monmouth Battlefield State Park. New Jersey Division of Parks and Forestry website. (Submitted on November 3, 2010, by Bill Coughlin of North Arlington, New Jersey.)
Battle of Monmouth Markers image. Click for full size.
By Bill Coughlin, November 3, 2010
3. Battle of Monmouth Markers
There are two markers at this location on the Monmouth Battlefield. The Retreat? marker is seen here on the right.
 

2. The Battle of Monmouth. From the American Revolution website. (Submitted on November 3, 2010, by Bill Coughlin of North Arlington, New Jersey.) 

3. The Battle of Monmouth 1778. An account of the battle from a British perspective from BritishBattles.com. (Submitted on November 3, 2010, by Bill Coughlin of North Arlington, New Jersey.) 
 
Categories. War, US Revolutionary
 
Here Washington met Lee's forces in retreat. image. Click for full size.
By Kerner, Charles W., 1858-1921, circa 1914
4. Here Washington met Lee's forces in retreat.
"Here the main army under Washington's met Lee's forces in retreat June 28, 1778."
 
 
Credits. This page was last revised on June 16, 2016. This page originally submitted on November 3, 2010, by Bill Coughlin of North Arlington, New Jersey. This page has been viewed 640 times since then and 48 times this year. Photos:   1, 2, 3. submitted on November 3, 2010, by Bill Coughlin of North Arlington, New Jersey.   4. submitted on April 23, 2011, by Clifton Patrick of Chester, NY, United States.
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