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“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
Columbus in Luna County, New Mexico — The American Mountains (Southwest)
 

Pancho Villa State Park

 
 
Pancho Villa State Park Marker image. Click for full size.
By Bill Kirchner, November 3, 2010
1. Pancho Villa State Park Marker
Inscription. Pancho Villa State Park commemorates the historic Columbus Raid of 1916. Ruins of Camp Furlong, headquarters for General John Pershing's expeditionary force, still exist at the park. The old Columbus Customs Service building has been restored to house exhibits about the raid and Pershing's Punitive Expedition into Mexico in pursuit of Pancho Villa and his raiders. Camping/picnicking sites are scattered throughout a beautiful desert botanical garden.
 
Location. 31° 49.587′ N, 107° 38.44′ W. Marker is in Columbus, New Mexico, in Luna County. Touch for map. Marker is in Pancho Villa State Park on the eastern side near Highway 11. Marker is in this post office area: Columbus NM 88029, United States of America.
 
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within 6 kilometers of this marker, measured as the crow flies. Last Hostile Action by Foreign Troops (within shouting distance of this marker); In Memory of Citizens Killed / In Memory of Thirteenth Cavalry (about 600 feet away, measured in a direct line); a different marker also named Pancho Villa State Park (about 600 feet away); Pancho Villa’s Raid (about 600 feet away); Southern Pacific Railroad Depot (about 700
Pancho Villa State Park Marker image. Click for full size.
By Bill Kirchner, November 3, 2010
2. Pancho Villa State Park Marker
feet away); Columbus (approx. half a mile away); a different marker also named Columbus (approx. 2.3 miles away); Presidency Building (approx. 3.1 miles away in Mexico). Touch for a list and map of all markers in Columbus.
 
Regarding Pancho Villa State Park. Much speculation abounds concerning General Villa's motivation behind the Columbus raid. One theory suggests it was an act of retaliation. Embroiled in a civil war, Mexico searched for leadership. A dispute broke out between Pancho Villa and Venustiano Carranza when Villa refused to acknowledge the authority of the new president, Carranza. To add insult to injury, President Wilson aided Carranza by allowing Mexican troops to be transported on the El Paso- Southwestern Railroad through Texas and New Mexico to a campaign in Mexico. These additional troops helped defeat Villa and his army in the battle of Agua Prieta, across from Douglas, Arizona on November 1, 1915. Possibly the attack on Columbus occurred as retaliation for the shipment of troops, since the village had an El Paso - Southwestern depot. Amazingly enough however, the depot only sustained light damage from flying bullets.
 
Also see . . .
Rear of Pancho Villa State Park Marker image. Click for full size.
By Bill Kirchner, November 3, 2010
3. Rear of Pancho Villa State Park Marker
 A Collection of Photos of Pancho Villa. (Submitted on November 12, 2010.)
 
Additional keywords. Mexican Revolution - Pancho Villa
 
The Old Columbus Customs Service Building image. Click for full size.
By Bill Kirchner, November 3, 2010
4. The Old Columbus Customs Service Building
Pancho Villa State Park Visitor Center image. Click for full size.
By Bill Kirchner
5. Pancho Villa State Park Visitor Center
 
 
Credits. This page was last revised on June 16, 2016. This page originally submitted on November 10, 2010, by Bill Kirchner of Tucson, Arizona. This page has been viewed 731 times since then and 41 times this year. Photos:   1, 2, 3, 4. submitted on November 10, 2010, by Bill Kirchner of Tucson, Arizona.   5. submitted on November 13, 2010, by Bill Kirchner of Tucson, Arizona. • Syd Whittle was the editor who published this page.
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