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“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
Chancellorsville in Spotsylvania County, Virginia — The American South (Mid-Atlantic)
 

Climactic Struggle

 
 
Climactic Struggle Marker image. Click for full size.
By Craig Swain, November 10, 2007
1. Climactic Struggle Marker
Inscription. On the morning of May 3, 1863, more than 17,500 men fell killed or wounded in the woods and fields around you - one man shot every second for five hours. Entrenched Union lines in front of you collapsed, and the Confederates surged forward to seize the Chancellorsville intersection. Some 25 Union cannons in this clearing made a valiant effort to cover the retreat, but they were soon smothered in a Confederate crossfire.

Major William H. Stewart of the 61st Virginia Infantry recalled the confusion and horror of that morning:
"The Chancellor house was enveloped in flames .... Men everywhere were seen to be in the agonies of death, some of these grappling the earth to draw their broken forms from the range of the searching flames. On both sides of the road were scattered loaves of bread, empty haversacks and cartridge boxes... hundreds of knapsacks...thousands of muskets...."
 
Location. 38° 18.546′ N, 77° 38.089′ W. Marker is in Chancellorsville, Virginia, in Spotsylvania County. Marker is at the intersection of Plank Road / Germania Highway (State Highway 3) and Elys Ford Road (County Route 610), on the right when traveling west on Plank Road / Germania Highway. Touch for map. Located at stop three of the driving tour of Chancellorsville
Close View of the Map image. Click for full size.
By Craig Swain, November 10, 2007
2. Close View of the Map
Battlefield. Marker is in this post office area: Fredericksburg VA 22407, United States of America.
 
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within walking distance of this marker. Lee's Greatest Triumph (here, next to this marker); Civilians in the Crossfire (within shouting distance of this marker); The Chancellor Slaves (within shouting distance of this marker); Chancellorsville (within shouting distance of this marker); The Chancellorsville Intersection (within shouting distance of this marker); Chancellorsville Home of Mrs. Sanford Chancellor (within shouting distance of this marker); Battle of Chancellorsville (within shouting distance of this marker); Chancellorsville Clearing (about 500 feet away, measured in a direct line). Touch for a list and map of all markers in Chancellorsville.
 
More about this marker. On the lower half of the marker is a drawing showing the artist impression of the fighting around the Chancellorsville Intersection. "Edwin Forbes penciled this sketch of the May 3 fighting. Engravers later added the grid to guide them in preparing the sketch for publication." On the upper right is a map showing the tactical situation described in the text, "Massive attacks on May 3 drove the Federals from their earthworks and back through the Chancellorsville intersection sealing
Driving Tour Stop Three at the Chancellorsville House Site image. Click for full size.
By Craig Swain, November 10, 2007
3. Driving Tour Stop Three at the Chancellorsville House Site
the Confederate victory."
 
Regarding Climactic Struggle. This is one of several markers for the Battle of Chancellorsville at the Chancellorsville Intersection, scene of considerable fighting in the battle. See the Chancellorsville Intersection Virtual Tour by Markers in the links section for a listing of related markers on the tour.
 
Also see . . .
1. Battle of Chancellorsville. National Parks Service site. (Submitted on November 29, 2007, by Craig Swain of Leesburg, Virginia.) 

2. Chancellorsville Intersection Virtual Tour by Markers. The Chancellorsville Intersection portion of the battlefield (stop three on the driving tour of the battlefield) includes markers at the intersection of the historic Plank and Ely's Ford Roads. Considerable fighting occurred here on May 3, 1863. (Submitted on December 8, 2007, by Craig Swain of Leesburg, Virginia.) 
 
The Artillery Crew View of the Battlefield image. Click for full size.
By Craig Swain, November 10, 2007
4. The Artillery Crew View of the Battlefield
Fairview lays in the distance to the background right in this view. In this frame, Stuart's and Anderson's converging Confederate lines advanced on the Federal positions near the location of the cannon. The Cannon pictured here is a 3in Ordnance Rifle, Model of 1861. Its registration number is 195, indicating a manufactured date of 1862. Similar weapons, if not this very piece, were deployed at the Chancellorsville intersection during the battle.
 
 
Credits. This page was last revised on June 16, 2016. This page originally submitted on November 29, 2007, by Craig Swain of Leesburg, Virginia. This page has been viewed 989 times since then and 39 times this year. Photos:   1, 2, 3, 4. submitted on November 29, 2007, by Craig Swain of Leesburg, Virginia.
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