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“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
Manalapan in Monmouth County, New Jersey — The American Northeast (Mid-Atlantic)
 

Molly Hays McCauley

Mary Ludwig Hays

 
 
Molly Hays McCauley Marker image. Click for full size.
By Bill Coughlin, November 3, 2010
1. Molly Hays McCauley Marker
Inscription. After the Battle of Monmouth, Molly basked in the glory of having fought here. At first, there was little recognition, as Molly Hays was only one of many women who had accompanied Continental armies. However, as Revolutionary War veterans become fewer and interest in the Revolution increased, Molly became a minor celebrity. When she died in 1832, at the age of 79, the town militia turned out to bury her with military honors.

Two years after the battle, a son, John was born to Mary and William Hays. Little else is known of Molly’s life until 1783, when her husband was discharged from the army. The Hayses then settled in Carlisle, Pennsylvania. William Hays was a barber, and they were modestly prosperous. In 1785, they were taxed for two houses and a cow.

Molly outlived William Hays, and then a second husband, John McCauley. A strong, energetic woman, widowed Molly worked as a housekeeper, nurse, and janitor. In 1822, the Pennsylvania legislature granted her an annual pension of $40 for “her services rendered in the Revolutionary War.” By 1830, she was living with her son.
 
Erected by NJ Department of Environmental Protection – Division of Parks & Forestry.
 
Location. 40° 16.855′ N, 74° 19.114′ 
Marker on the Monmouth Battlefield image. Click for full size.
By Bill Coughlin, November 3, 2010
2. Marker on the Monmouth Battlefield
W. Marker is in Manalapan, New Jersey, in Monmouth County. Marker can be reached from Freehold Road (County Route 522), on the left when traveling east. Touch for map. Marker is located on the Monmouth Battlefield hiking trail. Marker is in this post office area: Englishtown NJ 07726, United States of America.
 
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within walking distance of this marker. Perrine Hill Spring (here, next to this marker); An Inspiring Commander in Chief (about 400 feet away, measured in a direct line); The Great Cannonade (about 400 feet away); Mary “Molly” Hays (about 500 feet away); Battlefield Archaeology (about 500 feet away); Perrine Hill Front Line (approx. 0.2 miles away); Washington Resumes the Offensive (approx. ¼ mile away); Continental Soldiers Grave (approx. 0.4 miles away). Touch for a list and map of all markers in Manalapan.
 
More about this marker. A photo of Mott’s Artillery on Perrine Hill during a 2002 re-enactment appears at lower left of the marker. The upper right features a picture of “Mary Hays McCauley’s house in Carlisle, Pennsylvania. After her second husband’s death, Molly rented rooms to two other women.”
 
Regarding Molly Hays McCauley. It is important to note that on June 28, 1778, Molly's name was Mary Ludwig Hays.
Robert C. Goodyear of Warminster, PA,
Molly Hays McCauley Marker image. Click for full size.
By Bill Coughlin, November 3, 2010
3. Molly Hays McCauley Marker
The marker is located on an observation deck overlooking the Perrine Hill Spring.
the only member of the Sons of the American Revolution (SAR) with proven documentation that his great great great grandmother, Mary Ludwig Hays, never used the name McCauley until a decade after the Battle of Monmouth - Bill Coughlin
 
Also see . . .
1. Molly Pitcher: An American Heroine. (Submitted on November 9, 2010, by Bill Coughlin of North Arlington, New Jersey.)
2. Monmouth Battlefield State Park. New Jersey Division of Parks and Forestry website. (Submitted on November 9, 2010, by Bill Coughlin of North Arlington, New Jersey.) 

3. The Battle of Monmouth. From the American Revolution website. (Submitted on November 9, 2010, by Bill Coughlin of North Arlington, New Jersey.) 
 
Categories. War, US Revolutionary
 
Monmouth Markers image. Click for full size.
By Bill Coughlin, November 3, 2010
4. Monmouth Markers
Two markers are located on this observation deck on the Monmouth Battlefield walking trail. The Molly Hays McCauley marker is seen here on the right.
Molly Hays McCauley image. Click for full size.
By Bill Coughlin, March 16, 2015
5. Molly Hays McCauley
Grave of Molly Hays McCauley image. Click for full size.
By Bill Coughlin, March 16, 2015
6. Grave of Molly Hays McCauley
Molly Hays is buried in the Old Graveyard in Carlisle, Pennsylvania.
 
 
Credits. This page was last revised on June 16, 2016. This page originally submitted on November 9, 2010, by Bill Coughlin of North Arlington, New Jersey. This page has been viewed 1,140 times since then and 49 times this year. Last updated on December 9, 2010, by Robert C. Goodyear of Warminster, Pennsylvania. Photos:   1, 2, 3, 4. submitted on November 9, 2010, by Bill Coughlin of North Arlington, New Jersey.   5, 6. submitted on April 6, 2015, by Bill Coughlin of North Arlington, New Jersey. • Bill Pfingsten was the editor who published this page.
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