Cambridge in Dorchester County, Maryland — The American Northeast (Mid-Atlantic)
Dorchester County occupies a central place in the story of the Underground Railroad, the secret network of "stations" and "conductors" that sheltered and shepherded hundreds of enslave African Americans to freedom in the mid-1800s. This county courthouse was the site of two famous Underground Railroad trials. An earlier courthouse her was the site of a dramatic escape engineered by the famed Underground Railroad conductor Harriet Tubman, a Dorchester native.
In December 1850, Kessiah Bowley and her two young children went up on the slave auction block at this site. John Bowley, a free black ship carpenter, outbid everyone for the right to buy his wife and children. By the time the auctioneer called for payment, John, Kessiah, and the children were nowhere to be found.
That night, the Bowleys made their way out of hiding to a waiting boat and sailed up the Chesapeake Bay to Baltimore. Kessiah's aunt, Harriet Tubman, anticipated their arrival. She had helped John plan this escape by communicating through the Underground Railroad. She then took them farther north to freedom.
Justice in Slavery Times
In April 1857, the county sheriff raided the East New Market home of Reverend Samuel Green, a free black man and a Methodist minister suspected
In 1858, a group of slaves fleeing Dorchester County with "conductor" Hugh Hazlett was arrested in neighboring Caroline County. Hazlett, a 27-year-old immigrant laborer from Ireland, made a dramatic escape from the county jail, only to be recaptured. He was tried here and sentenced to a prison term of 44 years, six months, and nine days. He was pardoned in 1864, after Maryland freed its slaves.
Erected by Chesapeake Bay Gateways Network.
Marker series. This marker is included in the Harriet Tubman Underground Railroad Byway marker series.
Location. 38° 34.32′ N, 76° 4.586′ W. Marker is in Cambridge, Maryland, in Dorchester County. Marker is at the intersection of High Street and Spring Street, on the right when traveling north on High Street. Touch for map. Marker is in this post office area: Cambridge MD 21613, United States of America.
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within walking distance of this marker. Christ P. E. Church (a few steps from this marker); John F. Kennedy This Bell (within shouting distance of this marker); Eastern Shore Infantry (about 400 feet away, measured in a direct line); John Barth (about 400 feet away); Goldsborough House (about 400 feet away); 1739 (about 600 feet away); Cambridge House B&B (approx. 0.2 miles away). Touch for a list and map of all markers in Cambridge.
Categories. • Abolition & Underground RR • African Americans • Notable Events • Notable Persons •
Credits. This page was last revised on February 8, 2018. This page originally submitted on December 4, 2007, by F. Robby of Baltimore, Maryland. This page has been viewed 1,764 times since then and 60 times this year. Photos: 1, 2. submitted on December 4, 2007, by F. Robby of Baltimore, Maryland. 3, 4, 5. submitted on January 29, 2018, by Allen C. Browne of Silver Spring, Maryland.