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“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
Charlotte Amalie in St. Thomas, Virgin Islands — The Caribbean (The West Indies)
 

Fort Christian

 
 
Fort Christian Marker image. Click for full size.
By Mike Stroud, 2011
1. Fort Christian Marker
Inscription. A Brief History...
Fort Christian, at the grand age of 326 years, is the oldest standing structure in continuous use in the Virgin Islands and the oldest Danish fortication under the American flag. In 1977, Fort Christian was designated a National Historic Landmark by the United States Department of Interior's National Park Service.

The first group of Danish Colonizers landed on the island of St. Thomas in 1666, but was unseccessful in establishing a permanent settlement. Work on Fort Christian started shortly after a second Danish group, under the charter of the Danish West India Company, established a settlement on St. Thomas in 1672. Under the leadership of Jorgen Iversen, the colony's governor, Fort Christian was constructed between 1672 and 1680. In 1678 during Demark's European war with France, work on the fort progressed well enough that the settlement was able to fend off an attack of French forces from the neighboring island of St. Croix.

Christiansfort, as it was known then, was the first seat of government in the Danish West Indies. The Fort, in addition to its military role, also housed the colony's first Lutheran Church and Governor's Residence. In 1874, a major renovation was undertaken to convert the Fort to a Police Station. This included the demolition of the Fort's north curtain wall, 17th
Fort Christian Marker image. Click for full size.
By Mike Stroud, 2011
2. Fort Christian Marker
century Tryborg Tower in the courtyard, and the removal of its military barracks to what is now the Legislature building. The new facade of Fort Christian became the Gothic Revival clock tower, which is its trademark today. Years later, the Fort also served as the island's prison. In 1971, the Virgin Island Museum of Fine Arts moved into the lower cell level of the Fort while it was still operating as a Police Station, Prison, and Court facility. After the relocation of the Police station, prison, and the Civil Defense from the fort during the 1980's, the Museum occupied the entire fortification. Today, Fort Christian is the home to the Virgin Islands Museum of Fine Arts.
 
Erected by Virgin Island State Historic Preservation Office, Department of Planning & Natural Resources.
 
Location. 18° 20.456′ N, 64° 55.788′ W. Marker is in Charlotte Amalie, Virgin Islands, in St. Thomas. Marker is on Tolbod Pldn just east of Forte Strade, on the right when traveling east. Touch for map. Marker is in this post office area: St Thomas VI 00801, United States of America.
 
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within 9 miles of this marker, measured as the crow flies. St. Thomas Community Bandmaster (within shouting distance of this marker); America's First Lady Addressed the People of St. Thomas
Fort Christian north side, still under restoration image. Click for full size.
By Mike Stroud, February 10, 2011
3. Fort Christian north side, still under restoration
(within shouting distance of this marker); Frederick Lutheran Church (about 300 feet away, measured in a direct line); St. Thomas' Liberty Bell Reproduction: (about 300 feet away); Skytsborg (approx. 0.2 miles away); Arthur S. Fairchild (approx. 1.7 miles away); Philanthropy in the National Park Service (approx. 9 miles away); Laurance Rockefeller (approx. 9 miles away). Touch for a list and map of all markers in Charlotte Amalie.
 
Also see . . .
1. Fort Christian, St. Thomas. Fort Christian was built by the Danes and named after King Christian V.... (Submitted on February 17, 2011, by Mike Stroud of Bluffton, South Carolina.) 

2. Jørgen Iversen Dyppel (February 25, 1638–1683), also called George Iversen or Ifversen,. ... "I, Jørgen Iversen, His Majesty the King of Denmark and Norway, and the West India Company's Governor of the Island of St. Thomas, find it right and proper to proclaim this ordinance for the honor of God, and the good of the country. ” —Jørgen Iversen Dyppel, Orders of August 8, 1672 .... (Submitted on February 17, 2011, by Mike Stroud of Bluffton, South Carolina.)
Fort Christian Marker image. Click for full size.
By Mike Stroud, February 10, 2011
4. Fort Christian Marker
 
 
Categories. Notable BuildingsSettlements & Settlers
 
Fort Christian image. Click for full size.
By Mike Stroud, February 10, 2011
5. Fort Christian
Fort Christian southwest corner image. Click for full size.
By Mike Stroud, February 10, 2011
6. Fort Christian southwest corner
Fort Christian east side, still under restoration image. Click for full size.
By Mike Stroud, February 10, 2011
7. Fort Christian east side, still under restoration
Fort Christian image. Click for full size.
By Mike Stroud, February 10, 2011
8. Fort Christian
Fort Christian image. Click for full size.
By Martin Lie, Trondheim, Norway {{Norsk}}
9. Fort Christian
Fort Christian image. Click for full size.
By VINow.com
10. Fort Christian
Fort Christian Frederisk Lutheran Church, as mentioned image. Click for full size.
By Mike Stroud, February 10, 2011
11. Fort Christian Frederisk Lutheran Church, as mentioned
 
 
Credits. This page was last revised on October 6, 2016. This page originally submitted on February 17, 2011, by Mike Stroud of Bluffton, South Carolina. This page has been viewed 878 times since then and 27 times this year. Photos:   1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10. submitted on February 17, 2011, by Mike Stroud of Bluffton, South Carolina.   11. submitted on February 18, 2011, by Mike Stroud of Bluffton, South Carolina.
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