New York in New York County, New York — The American Northeast (Mid-Atlantic)
—Exploring Downtown —
Municipal government long ago spilled out of City Hall to create the surrounding Civic Center. Today, Chambers Street and Foley Square are lined with white granite and marble civic buildings. The sumptuous lobby of the Surrogate’s Court at 31 Chambers Street (1899-1907), with marble walls and vaulted mosaic-covered ceiling, is often used as a location for television and movie scenes. Down the street, the Municipal Building at 1 Centre Street (McKim, Mead & White, 1914) raises classic white granite to skyscraper heights, in a building that straddles what used to be a continuation of Chambers Street. To the north, Centre and Lafayette streets form the oddly shaped Foley Square, now synonymous with the courts. Side by side sit the United States Courthouse at 40 Centre Street (Cass Gilbert, 1936) and the New York State Supreme Court (originally the New York County Courthouse) at 60 Centre Street (Guy Lowell, 1912-1926). Foley Square replaced a large part of the once infamous Five Points district – a collection of squalid, rundown houses on streets known as “Murderers Alley” and “Den of Thieves.” Violent gangs like the Dead Rabbits and the Plug Uglies eventually grew into organized crime syndicates.
Erected by The Alliance for Downtown New York, Inc.
Location. Touch for map. Marker is in this post office area: New York NY 10007, United States of America.
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within walking distance of this marker. Municipal Building (about 300 feet away, measured in a direct line); Triumph of the Human Spirit (about 300 feet away); Changing Landscape Obscures the Past (about 300 feet away); Africans in Early New York (about 400 feet away); African Burial Ground (about 400 feet away); Surrogates Court (about 400 feet away); Foley Square c. 1800 (about 400 feet away); Thomas Paine Park (about 400 feet away). Touch for a list and map of all markers in New York.
More about this marker. The top of the marker features a photo of the Manhattan Municipal Building after a 1992 restoration. Below this is a picture of “The 25-foot-tall gilded female figure in flowing robes balancing on a sphere 40 stories up in the air atop the Municipal Building in Civic Center (Adolph Merriman 1913-14; restored 1991). As the principal ornament of the Municipal Building, designed to hold the offices of the newly consolidated City of Greater New York, she holds a crown with turrets representing the
Related markers. Click here for a list of markers that are related to this marker. Take a tour of the markers in lower Manhattan erected by the Alliance for Downtown New York, Inc.
Categories. • Notable Buildings •
Credits. This page was last revised on February 12, 2019. This page originally submitted on March 27, 2011, by Bill Coughlin of North Arlington, New Jersey. This page has been viewed 456 times since then and 11 times this year. Photos: 1, 2, 3, 4. submitted on March 27, 2011, by Bill Coughlin of North Arlington, New Jersey. 5. submitted on February 9, 2019, by Larry Gertner of New York, New York. 6. submitted on February 6, 2019, by Larry Gertner of New York, New York.