Trenton in Mercer County, New Jersey — The American Northeast (Mid-Atlantic)
The Swamp Angel
Bombardment opened August 12, 1863 – gun burst at 36th round.
Erected February 1871 at corner of No. Clinton Avenue and Perry Street, Trenton. Rededicated at Cadwalader Park on 100th anniversary of start of American Civil War April 12, 1961.
Location. 40° 14.243′ N, 74° 47.277′ W. Marker is in Trenton, New Jersey, in Mercer County. Marker is on Drive through Cadwalader Park, on the right. Touch for map. This marker is inside Cadwalader Park near the main entrance from Parkside Avenue. Marker is in this post office area: Trenton NJ 08618, United States of America.
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within 2 miles of this marker, measured as the crow flies. Briar Patch (within shouting distance of this marker); Mercer County Soldiers’ and Sailors’ Monument (within shouting distance of this marker); Cadwalader Park (about 300 feet away, measured Ellarslie (about 600 feet away); John A. Roebling (approx. 0.2 miles away); The Hermitage (approx. ¾ mile away); Dorothea Dix (was approx. one mile away but has been reported missing. ); Emlen House (approx. 1.2 miles away). Touch for a list and map of all markers in Trenton.
Also see . . .
1. The Swamp Angel. excerpted from the award winning book, Gate of Hell, Campaign for Charleston Harbour, 1863, By Stephen R. Wise. (Submitted on December 9, 2007, by Craig Swain of Leesburg, Virginia.)
2. Photo of the Swamp Angel Debris. In the photo displayed here, the breech portion, which is currently attached to the gun on the pedestal, and the band are laying side by side. The story goes that the remains of the Swamp Angel were headed for the scrap yard when identified and preserved in Trenton. (Submitted on December 9, 2007, by Craig Swain of Leesburg, Virginia.)
3. Additional Photos of the Swamp Angel Today. Note the muzzle markings and profile of the crack at the breech. (Submitted on December 10, 2007, by Craig Swain of Leesburg, Virginia.)
General Quincy A. Gilmore, commanding the operations outside Charleston, SC when the Swamp Angel was employed, was rather detailed in his notations concerning this weapon. From his notes, it is known the weapon had the registry #6. From that, based on proofing and foundry records, the weapon was made at West Point Foundry, NY in 1863 and weighted 16,577 pounds when delivered (before the bursting). The distinctive breech band, seen on Parrott rifles of all sizes, was misplaced in transit and only the barrel and the breech fragment exist today.
In his book, Artillery and Ammunition of the Civil War(1973), Warren Ripley raised some doubt this piece is the original Swamp Angel. At the time of his writing, paint obscured the muzzle markings on the cannon. Without definitive marks to indicate, Ripley pointed out that no less than four 8-inch Parrott rifles had burst around Charleston in a similar manner (at the breech) to the Swamp Angel, and either could have been confused with the famous weapon when the remains were culled from other scraps.
Since Ripley's writing, some restoration of the piece has exposed a few bits of the muzzle markings. In The Big Guns-Civil War Siege, Seacoast, and Naval Cannon(1997), by Edwin Olmstead, Wayne E. Stark, and Spencer C. Tucker, the markings are recorded as "No. 6/ 1xxx /W.P.F. / 8
— Submitted December 9, 2007, by Craig Swain of Leesburg, Virginia.
Categories. • Notable Events • War, US Civil •
Credits. This page was last revised on June 16, 2016. This page originally submitted on December 9, 2007, by Gary Nigh of Trenton, New Jersey. This page has been viewed 2,243 times since then and 2 times this year. Last updated on December 11, 2007, by Gary Nigh of Trenton, New Jersey. Photos: 1. submitted on December 9, 2007, by Gary Nigh of Trenton, New Jersey. 2. submitted on March 26, 2010, by Bill Coughlin of North Arlington, New Jersey. 3. submitted on December 9, 2007, by Gary Nigh of Trenton, New Jersey. 4, 5, 6. submitted on December 9, 2007, by Craig Swain of Leesburg, Virginia. • Kevin W. was the editor who published this page.