New York in New York County, New York — The American Northeast (Mid-Atlantic)
Foley Square Before 1600
For thousands of years this land was inhabited by the Lenape people. They belonged to tribes or clans symbolized by the wolf, the turtle or the turkey. These three animals also represented the three key elements on which the Lenape people relied for their survival – earth, water and sky – the three natural domains of all living creatures.
[ Marker #2 ]
A northern branch of the Lenape or Delaware Indians, the Munsee tribe fished, farmed and hunted on this island. William Penn described their appearance as “tall, straight, well-built . . . they tread strong.” The homeland of the Lenape, Lenapehoking, was a vast domain that stretched along the Atlantic Coast from what is now New York Bay to Delaware Bay, between the Hudson and Delaware valleys.
[ Marker #3 ]
The land on which you presently stand originally formed the edge of the largest body of fresh water on the island now called Manhattan. On rocky bluffs to the west of this large pond, indigenous peoples feasted on oysters that were commonly as large as one foot. Expert navigators, the Lenape carved boats from timber logs by burning and scraping. These ocean-going vessels were used for traveling, fishing and whaling.
The place where the sun is born. • Menesenek • On the island Munsee. •
Location. 40° 42.897′ N, 74° 0.122′ W. Marker is in New York, New York, in New York County. Marker is at the intersection of Centre Street and Worth Street, on the right when traveling north on Centre Street. Touch for map. The marker is in the pavement at the southeast corner of the intersection. Marker is in this post office area: New York NY 10007, United States of America.
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within walking distance of this marker. Foley Square (a few steps from this marker); New York County Court House (within shouting distance of this marker); Civic Center (about 600 feet away, measured in a direct line); African Burial Ground National Monument (about 700 feet away); "Sankofa" (about 700 feet away); First National Sunday School Convention (about 800 feet away); Municipal Building (approx. 0.2 miles away); Surrogates Court (approx. 0.2 miles away). Touch for a list and map of all markers in New York.
More about this marker. The center of the marker contains a relief of a map depicting how the area appeared prior to 1600. Around this are relief images of a wolf, turtle and turkey.
Categories. • Native Americans •
Credits. This page was last revised on June 16, 2016. This page originally submitted on April 2, 2011, by Bill Coughlin of North Arlington, New Jersey. This page has been viewed 507 times since then and 27 times this year. Photos: 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6. submitted on April 2, 2011, by Bill Coughlin of North Arlington, New Jersey.