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“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
Tye in Taylor County, Texas — The American South (West South Central)
 

Butterfield Mail and Stage Line

 
 
Texas State Butterfield Mail and Stage Line Marker image. Click for full size.
By Thomas Chris English, April 9, 2011
1. Texas State Butterfield Mail and Stage Line Marker
Inscription. One of major horse-drawn transportation projects of history. Was authorized by Act of Congress on March 3, 1857. Contract for semi-weekly service overland to San Francisco, California, was awarded to company headed by John Butterfield; another stockholder in the $2,000,000 venture was express pioneer William G. Fargo. The line employed some 2,000 people and used hundreds of stagecoaches and thousands of animals. In addition to receipts from freight and passengers, it had a $600,000 annual subsidy for carrying U.S. Mail.

Company operated from September 1858 to February 1861 with a 25-day schedule for the 2,795 mile trip (8 to 9 days were allowed for crossing Texas). Route began in Tipton, Mo., and Memphis,TN., uniting at Fort Smith, AR., entering Texas near Sherman, thence westward through the Comanche-held frontier, leaving the state at El Paso.

Stage stations were located about every 20 miles and the best known in this vicinity were Fort Belknap, Fort Phantom Hill, Mountain Pass and Fort Chadbourne. Between Fort Belknap and Tucson, AZ., mules were used to pull the coaches as they were less appealing to Indians. Each coach accommodated four to ten passengers at an average fare of $200 each; mail and freight charges were ten cents per one-half ounce.

Butterfield Trail U.S. Mail Route St. Louis to Los Angeles

Butterfield Mail and Stage Line Marker image. Click for full size.
By Thomas Chris English, September 4, 2011
2. Butterfield Mail and Stage Line Marker
The Tye, Texas D.A.R. Butterfield Stage marker. A relief insert has been removed.
1858-1861 crossed at this point. Marked by John Davis Chapter. D.A.R. 1929
 
Erected 1929 by John Davis Chapter. D.A.R., Texas State Historical Survey Committee.
 
Marker series. This marker is included in the Butterfield Overland Mail marker series.
 
Location. 32° 27.555′ N, 99° 52.875′ W. Marker is in Tye, Texas, in Taylor County. Marker is on FM 20 W (Interstate 20) half a mile west of FM-707, on the right when traveling west. Touch for map. Marker is in this post office area: Tye TX 79563, United States of America.
 
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within 5 miles of this marker, measured as the crow flies. Butterfield Trail (here, next to this marker); Taylor County (approx. 2.9 miles away but has been reported missing); Air Force Medal of Honor Recipients (approx. 4.2 miles away); 7th Bombardment Wing, Heavy (approx. 4.2 miles away); Lt. Col. William E. Dyess (approx. 4.3 miles away); 12th Armored Division at Camp Barkeley (approx. 4.5 miles away); 12th Armored Division Memorial (approx. 4.5 miles away); Dyess Elementary School (approx. 4.9 miles away).
 
More about this marker. The D.A.R. marker and Texas Historical Committee marker are adjacent. Since HMdb allows only one four digit date, the earliest marker
Butterfield Mail and Stage Line Markers image. Click for full size.
By Thomas Chris English, April 9, 2011
3. Butterfield Mail and Stage Line Markers
Near Tye, Texas, U.S.A.
date at this site was used, the text detail from the 1969 marker added on this page.
 
Also see . . .  Butterfield Stage. A historical web page on the Butterfield Stage and history of that business partnership. (Submitted on April 9, 2011, by Chris English of Phoenix, Arizona.) 
 
Additional keywords. Stagecoach, Wells Fargo, Stage, Merkel
 
Categories. CommunicationsIndustry & CommerceRoads & Vehicles
 
Butterfield Mail and Stage Line Markers image. Click for full size.
By Thomas Chris English, April 9, 2011
4. Butterfield Mail and Stage Line Markers
Looking North in the Texas "Big Country"
Butterfield Mail and Stage Line Marker image. Click for full size.
By Thomas Chris English, April 9, 2011
5. Butterfield Mail and Stage Line Marker
Looking east beyond the markers in the Texas "Big Country."
Butterfield Mail and Stage Line Markers image. Click for full size.
By Thomas Chris English, April 9, 2011
6. Butterfield Mail and Stage Line Markers
Looking South from the markers on Texas FM 20 near Tye, Texas.
Butterfield Mail and Stage Line Markers image. Click for full size.
By Thomas Chris English, April 9, 2011
7. Butterfield Mail and Stage Line Markers
The view from the markers, west across Texas FM 20, Interstate 20 to the Union Pacific Railroad where a load of windmill tower sections lie on flat cars, awaiting assembly on the hills/ridges west of Merkel.
 
 
Credits. This page was last revised on September 16, 2016. This page originally submitted on April 9, 2011, by Chris English of Phoenix, Arizona. This page has been viewed 982 times since then and 39 times this year. Photos:   1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7. submitted on April 9, 2011, by Chris English of Phoenix, Arizona. • Bill Pfingsten was the editor who published this page.
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