Charles Town in Jefferson County, West Virginia — The American South (Mid-Atlantic)
John Brown Hanging Site
Creation of a Martyr
—Prelude to War —
A month after the trial, on December 2, 1859, John Brown was the first to die. He rode here in a wagon, sitting on his casket, with his arms tied. His last message, which he gave to a jail guard, read: “I John Brown am now quite certain that the crimes of this guilty land: will never be purged away; but with Blood. I had as I now think: vainly flattered myself that without very much bloodshed; it might be done.”
Eight hundred militiamen under Col. John T. Gibson stood guard to prevent any attempt to free Brown. Brown’s body was returned to his wife in Harpers Ferry and taken home to North Elba, New York, for burial. Many Northerners regarded him as a martyr.
Among those present at Brown’s execution were Thomas J. (later “Stonewall”) Jackson, then an instructor at Virginia Military Institute, John Wilkes Booth, who assassinated President Abraham Lincoln in 1865, and Edmund Ruffin, who fired one of the first shots of the Civil War at Fort Sumter.
On December 16, white raiders John Cook and Edwin Coppic and black raiders Shields Green and John Copeland were hanged here. Raiders Aaron Stevens and Albert Hazlett followed on March
In 1892, Gibson, the militia commander, built the Victorian house that stands here today.
Erected by West Virginia Civil War Trails.
Marker series. This marker is included in the West Virginia Civil War Trails marker series.
Location. 39° 17.147′ N, 77° 51.388′ W. Marker is in Charles Town, West Virginia, in Jefferson County. Marker is at the intersection of South Samuel Street and East Hunter Street on South Samuel Street. Touch for map. Marker is in this post office area: Charles Town WV 25414, United States of America.
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within walking distance of this marker. John Brown Scaffold (here, next to this marker); Site of the Execution of John Brown (within shouting distance of this marker); George Upshur Manning (approx. 0.2 miles away); George Washington Turner (approx. 0.2 miles away); Sergeant Littleton Tazewell Cordell (approx. 0.2 miles away); Happy Retreat (approx. ¼ mile away); Etter Hall (approx. ¼ mile away); Zion Episcopal Churchyard (approx. ¼ mile away). Touch for a list and map of all markers in Charles Town.
More about this marker. Library of Congress pictures of John Brown being read his death warrant and John Brown ascending the scaffold are at the lower left and upper center
The right side of the marker contains a map which highlights significant Civil War Sites in Jefferson County, WV, many of which are interpreted by Civil War Trail signage.
Also see . . . Biography of John Brown. (Submitted on April 12, 2011, by Bill Coughlin of North Arlington, New Jersey.)
Categories. • War, US Civil •
Credits. This page was last revised on June 16, 2016. This page originally submitted on April 12, 2011, by Bill Coughlin of North Arlington, New Jersey. This page has been viewed 5,469 times since then and 24 times this year. Photos: 1, 2, 3. submitted on April 12, 2011, by Bill Coughlin of North Arlington, New Jersey.