Near Stephenson in Frederick County, Virginia — The American South (Mid-Atlantic)
"The Thermopylae of my campaign.”
Lee sent Gen. Richard S. Ewell’s 2nd Corps to clear the way. On June 14, 1863, the Confederates attacked the Federals at Winchester. Realizing it was in danger of being surrounded, Milroy’s command evacuated the city during the night. Anticipating the move, Ewell directed Gen. Edward Johnson’s division to block the Union escape route to Harper’s Ferry.
In the pre-dawn darkness, Johnson, with only Gen. George H. Steuart’s brigade and two cannon from the 1st Maryland Battery, moving west on the road to your right, struck the Federals. The Confederate infantry took positions along the railroad tracks and Lt. Col. Snowden Andrews placed the two guns in the road at the bridge (right front).
The Federals repeatedly tried to take the bridge and clear the way. The Confederate line was in danger of collapsing when reinforcements arrived. Additional Southern artillery was placed on the high ground (behind you). When the Federals were repulsed for the last time, Lt. C.S. Contee, commander of the two guns at the bridge, told Andrews, “Col.,
The 13th Pennsylvania Cavalry also suffered heavy casualties. While they changed position to charge the Confederate artillery on the hill, the Southern gunners found their range and sent exploding shells into the horsemen. Of the 655 men in the unit, 334 became casualties.
Milroy escaped capture, but nearly half his troops were not so lucky. Lee marched across the Potomac River, taking the 23 newly captured cannon and supplies.
(Sidebar) The Culp family of Gettysburg was one of the many divided by the Civil War. Wesley Culp, who moved to Virginia prior to the war, cast his lot with the South while his brother William enlisted in the Union army. Both were participants in the clash at Stephenson Depot. William survived the war. Wesley was killed at Gettysburg near a hill named for his ancestors.
Erected by Virginia Civil War Trails.
Marker series. This marker is included in the Virginia Civil War Trails marker series.
Location. 39° 13.784′ N, 78° 6.6′ W. Marker is near Stephenson, Virginia, in Frederick Touch for map. Marker is in this post office area: Stephenson VA 22656, United States of America.
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within 2 miles of this marker, measured as the crow flies. Third Battle of Winchester (within shouting distance of this marker but has been reported missing); Action at Stephenson’s Depot (approx. 0.6 miles away); John Rutherford's Farm (approx. 1.3 miles away); Rutherford's Farm (approx. 1.3 miles away); Battle of Rutherford's Farm (approx. 1.3 miles away); The Great Indian (and Wagon) Road (approx. 1.4 miles away); Hackwood Park (approx. 1.4 miles away); Action of Rutherford’s Farm (approx. 1.4 miles away but has been reported missing). Touch for a list and map of all markers in Stephenson.
More about this marker. A map depicts the tactical actions described on the marker. A small inset on the left depicts, “A view of the battle from the pike as the Federals advance on the Confederate line.” The map contains a portrait of Lieutenant Colonel Snowden Andrews. The sidebar contains portraits of Wesley and William Culp.
Also see . . . Second Battle of Winchester. National Park Service survey of the battle (Submitted on September 7, 2007, by Craig Swain of Leesburg, Virginia.)
Additional keywords. Gettysburg Campaign
Categories. • War, US Civil •
Credits. This page was last revised on June 16, 2016. This page originally submitted on September 7, 2007, by Craig Swain of Leesburg, Virginia. This page has been viewed 2,861 times since then and 78 times this year. Last updated on April 12, 2011, by Jonathan Carruthers of Bealeton, Virginia. Photos: 1, 2, 3, 4, 5. submitted on September 7, 2007, by Craig Swain of Leesburg, Virginia.